What Is Diabetic Neuropathy?
Diabetes can harm your nerves. That damage, called neuropathy, may be painful.
It can happen in several ways, and they all seem to be related to blood sugar levels being too high for too long. To prevent it, work with your doctor to manage your blood sugar.
Recommended Related to Diabetes
6 Diet Tips to Help Manage Diabetes Nerve Pain
If you have diabetes, you already know the drill. What you eat, when you eat, and how much you eat can send your blood sugar skyrocketing -- or make it plummet. For better or worse, "diet and diabetes" go together like salt and pepper.
So if you need a little motivation to eat better - and who doesn't? - consider this: with diabetes, you're at high risk of the nerve pain and damage called diabetic neuropathy. What can start as a little tingling or numbness in your feet can turn into major problems...
Read the 6 Diet Tips to Help Manage Diabetes Nerve Pain article > >
You may hear your doctor mention the four types of diabetes-related neuropathy: peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal.
This type usually affects the feet and legs. Rare cases affect the arms, abdomen, and back.
Numbness (which may become permanent)
Burning (especially in the evening)
Early symptoms usually get better when your blood sugar is under control. There are medications to help manage the discomfort.
What you should do:
Check your feet and legs daily.
Use lotion on your feet if they're dry.
Take care of your toenails. Ask your doctor if you should go to a podiatrist.
Wear shoes that fit well. Wear them all the time, so your feet don't get injured.
This type usually affects the digestive system, especially the stomach. It can also affect the blood vessels, urinary system, and sex organs.
In your digestive system:
Feeling full after small meals
What you should do: You may need to eat smaller meals and take medication to treat it.
In blood vessels:
Blacking out when you stand up quickly
Low blood pressure
Feeling full sooner than normal
If you have it:
Avoid standing up too quickly. You may also need to wear special stockings (ask your doctor about them) and take medicine.
Symptoms include: He may not be able to have or keep an erection, or he may have “dry” or reduced ejaculations.
What you should do: See your doctor, because there are other possible causes than diabetes. Treatment includes:
Penile implant or injections
Vacuum erection device
Symptoms include: Can include less vaginal lubrication and fewer or no orgasms.
What you should do: See your doctor. Treatments include:
Vaginal estrogen creams, suppositories, and rings
Medications to help sex not feel painful
In the Urinary System:
Trouble emptying your bladder
Incontinence (leaking urine)
More bathroom trips at night
What you should do: Tell your doctor. Treatments may include:
Inserting a catheter into the bladder to release urine (self-catheterization)