How to Lower Your Risk of Diabetes Complications
Get Enough Sleep
Too little sleep raises your chances of weight gain and obesity. People who sleep for 7 1/2 to 8 1/2 hours also seem to have better control of their blood sugar levels.
Check Your Feet
Foot sores that aren't treated can lead to serious infections. You may not feel them right away if high blood sugar damages the nerves or cuts blood flow in your feet.
Check your feet daily, especially between the toes. Look for blisters, broken skin, or warm or red spots. If you have a wound, treat it right away and keep your eye on it. Don’t hesitate to call you doctor if there's no improvement or you see more serious signs of infection.
Keep Up With Mouth Care
Diabetes raises your chances of gum disease and infections. Brush well with a soft-bristled brush at least twice a day. Floss at least once a day.
Year-Round Care to Prevent Diabetes Complications
At least twice a year or more, if your doctor advises it, you should:
- Get an A1c testto measure your average blood sugar levels over 2 or 3 months.
- See your dentist for teeth cleaning and a checkup.
At least once a year or more, if your doctor advises it, you should get a:
- Dilated eye exam
- Regular physical exam
- Cholesterol test
- Microalbumin and creatine test to check for kidney damage
- Flu shot
Stay on top of other vaccines, like tetanus boosters and pneumonia shots, too. And if you are under age 60 and haven't had a hepatitis B vaccine, get it.