Type 1 diabetes
requires treatment to keep blood sugar levels within a
target range. Treatment includes:
- Taking several
insulin injections every day or using an
- Monitoring blood sugar
levels several times a day.
a healthy diet that spreads
carbohydrate throughout the day.
- Regular physical activity or exercise. Exercise helps the body to use insulin more
efficiently. It may also lower your risk for heart and blood vessel
- Regular medical checkups. You will get routine screening tests and exams to watch for
signs of complications, such as eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve
- Not smoking.
- Not drinking alcohol if you are at risk for periods of low blood sugar.
Blood sugars are easier to predict and control when mealtimes,
amounts of food, and exercise are similar every day. So getting into a daily routine helps a lot.
Some people find out that they have type 1 diabetes when they are admitted to a hospital
diabetic ketoacidosis. If their symptoms are severe,
they may need to be treated in an intensive care unit.
Treatment for diabetic
ketoacidosis includes fluids given through a vein (intravenous, or IV) to treat
dehydration and to balance
electrolytes, and insulin to lower the blood sugar
level and stop the body from producing ketones.
The honeymoon period
If your blood sugar levels return to the normal range soon after
diagnosis, you are in what is called the "honeymoon period."
This is a time
when the remaining insulin-producing cells in your
pancreas are working harder to supply enough insulin
for your body.
Treatment during this time may include:
- Keeping in close touch with your doctor.
- Testing your blood sugar level often, to see if it
- Taking very small amounts of insulin or no insulin. Even though
you may not need insulin, some doctors prefer that you take small doses of
insulin daily throughout the honeymoon period. This may decrease the stress on