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    Mild to moderately high blood sugar

    Follow these steps if blood sugar is over 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) for two or more consecutive checks over a few hours or if blood sugar is over the target range set by your doctor:

    • If the usual dose of diabetes medicine was missed, give the missed dose.
    • If the doctor has prescribed a dose of fast-acting insulin based on the blood sugar level (sliding scale), give the appropriate dose. If not, call the doctor for advice.
    • Test for ketones, if the doctor has advised you to do so. If the results of the ketone test show a moderate-to-large amount of ketones, call the doctor for advice.
    • Wait 30 minutes after giving the extra insulin or the missed medicine.
    • Check the blood sugar again.
    • Extra liquids are needed to replace the fluids lost through the urine. Water and sugar-free drinks are best.
    • If symptoms of high blood sugar become more noticeable or if the blood sugar level continues to rise, call the doctor.
    • If your child's blood sugar continues to rise above 240 mg/dL and he or she starts to feel drowsy or loses consciousness, take your child to an emergency room or call 911 or other emergency services immediately. Stay with your child until emergency help arrives.
    • For adults, if you start to feel drowsy or disoriented or if your blood sugar continues to rise above 350 mg/dL, call 911 or other emergency services immediately. It's best to have someone with you if your blood sugar is this elevated so that the person can call for you.

    Extremely high blood sugar

    Follow these steps if your child's blood sugar is over 400 mg/dL. For adults, follow these steps if your blood sugar is over 600 mg/dL. Some blood sugar meters read only levels up to about 400 mg/dL.

    • Wash the finger carefully before checking again. Sometimes sugar on the skin will cause a high reading.
    • If the meter reads high, test the accuracy of the meter, and then recheck the blood sugar.
    • If the meter reads high again, call the doctor for advice or take your child to the emergency room.

    After a high blood sugar episode

    After the blood sugar level has returned to a target range, continue medicine as prescribed by the doctor and check blood sugar levels as directed. Report the episode to the doctor.

    Drink extra liquids to replace the fluids lost through the urine. Water and sugar-free drinks are best. Avoid caffeinated drinks and alcohol. Also avoid regular soda pop, fruit juice, and other liquids that contain a lot of sugar.

      This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

      WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

      Last Updated: August 15, 2013
      This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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      70-130
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      Your level is currently

      If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

      People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

      Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

      However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

      Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

      Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

      One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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