Type 1 diabetes develops when your
child's pancreas stops producing enough
insulin. Insulin lets blood sugar—also called
glucose—enter the body's cells, where it is used for energy. Without insulin,
the amount of sugar in the blood rises above a safe level. As a result, your
child experiences high and low blood sugar levels from time to time. High blood
sugar can damage blood vessels and nerves throughout the body and increases
your child's risk of eye, kidney, heart, blood vessel, and nerve
Experts do not know what causes type 1 diabetes. But the
cause may involve family history and maybe environmental factors like diet or
Causes of high blood sugar
Not getting enough insulin or eating more than usual
Experiencing emotional stress
Having an illness, such as the flu or an infection
Taking certain medicines that can raise blood sugar levels,
such as medicines that reduce swelling and inflammation (corticosteroids) and
Being more physically active than usual without eating enough
medicines that may lower blood sugar levels, such as
those that reduce fever and pain
Starting your menstrual period, because hormonal changes may affect how well insulin works
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
January 28, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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