Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Medications
Insulin is the only medicine that can treat
type 1 diabetes, and your child is most likely taking
more than one
type of insulin. Your child may take several
injections a day or use an
insulin pump. The insulin pump provides insulin with
fewer injections and is as effective as multiple daily injections for
blood sugar levels in a target range.
The amount and type of insulin your child takes will likely change over
time, depending on changes that occur with normal growth, physical activity
level, and hormones (such as during adolescence). Your child may also need
higher doses of insulin when feeling sick or stressed.
- Know what the dose is for each type of insulin your child takes, when your
child should take the doses, how long it takes for each type of insulin to
start working (onset), when it will have its greatest effect (peak), and how
long it will work (duration).
- Store insulin bottles and insulin in pens or pumps according to the manufacturer's instructions. Insulin exposed to heat and sunlight can be less effective.
- Don't let your child skip a dose of insulin without a doctor's
What to think about
A rapid-acting insulin is given
with a meal or immediately afterward. The dose is based on what your child
actually ate, not what the meal plan required. If your child is a "picky
eater," this provides flexibility that may reduce mealtime battles.
Scientists are looking at new types of insulin and better ways to give