Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Home Treatment
Your child may not need to take
insulin if his or her blood sugar levels are staying within a target range with
meal planning, exercise, and possibly other medicine. But at some point your
child may need to take insulin because the
pancreas may produce less and less insulin.
If your child takes insulin, you and your child need to know how to
prepare and give a shot.
- Diabetes in Children: Giving Insulin Shots to a Child
Other important issues
- How to recognize and treat high blood sugar.
Blood sugar levels that suddenly rise above a target range can lead to an
- Diabetes in Children: Preventing High Blood Sugar
- How to recognize and treat low blood sugar. Your child is not
likely to have a sudden drop in blood sugar level unless he or she is taking
sulfonylurea or meglitinide medicines for diabetes or insulin injections and is
unable to eat regular meals.
- Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar
medical identification at all times. In an emergency, medical identification
lets people know that your child has diabetes so they can care for your child
- Where to get support. Many areas of the country have
support groups for children and teens with diabetes and for family members.
These groups provide encouragement and suggestions that may help you and your
child deal with the daily issues of diabetes care. Talk with your doctor about
groups in your area.
- How to care for the feet. Your child needs to
wear shoes that fit properly. He or she should not go barefoot outdoors. It's a good idea to begin the habit of inspecting your child's feet periodically or any time he or she has a foot complaint. Look for signs of injury or infection. If you notice a
foot problem, even a minor one, talk with your doctor before treating
- What to do for illness. Some general
sick-day guidelines may be helpful. These include
checking your child's blood sugar every 4 hours during the illness and
encouraging your child to drink fluids to prevent dehydration. Do not give your
nonprescription medicines without talking with a
doctor or pharmacist. Some of these medicines can affect blood sugar