Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Treatment for Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Vitamin B12 deficiency treatment depends on the cause of the deficiency. If pernicious anemia or a problem with absorption is the cause, B12 replacement will be necessary. Most often this is given by injection; some people may be prescribed vitamin tablets.
For some people, B12 supplementation may be necessary for life. If a diet lacking in animal products is the cause, the doctor will recommend dietary changes along with supplementation of vitamin B12 by injection or tablet.
For most people, treatment resolves the anemia; however, any nerve damage that has occurred as a result of the deficiency could be permanent.
Preventing Deficiency Problems
Most people can prevent vitamin B12 deficiency by consuming enough meat, poultry, seafood, milk, cheese, and eggs. If you don't eat animal products or you have a medical condition that limits your absorption of nutrients, experts recommend taking a B12-containing multivitamin and eating breakfast cereal fortified with vitamin B12.
If you experience symptoms of B12 deficiency, speak to your doctor about a blood test to check B12 levels.