Herb-Drug Interactions Uncommon
Study Shows Few People Taking Dangerous Combos
May 25, 2006 – St. John's wort, ginkgo biloba, black cohosh. Just a decade ago most Americans would not have known these names. Today, these and other herbal medications are not only familiar, but the products are fixtures on drugstore shelves.
Herbal remedies are not just for health food stores anymore. The medications have gone mainstream, and as sales continue to rise, so do concerns about their interactions with prescription and more traditional over-the-counter drugs.
But new research suggests that potentially dangerous interactions may occur less often than are widely believed. Investigators reviewed the drugs taken by 7,652, mostly older Canadians, and found very few instances of such interactions.
The findings are to be presented tomorrow in Alberta, Canada, at the North American Research Conference on Complementary and Integrative MedicineIntegrative Medicine.
The study included women and men with osteoporosisosteoporosis enrolled in an ongoing Canadian bone- loss trial. At a five-year follow-up, the average age of the study participants was 70. Just over two-thirds of the participants were female.
Researchers collected detailed data on the prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal drugs taken by the participants. Potentially dangerous drug-herbal interactions were analyzed for people taking the heart drugs Lanoxin, Lasix, and Coumadin, as well as antipsychotic and depressiondepression drugs like Xanax, lithium, Nardil, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), such as Prozac and Paxil.
Analysis of these data revealed that just 1.3% of the study subjects were taking combinations of prescription drugs and herbal products that are considered potentially dangerous.
Of the 514 study participants taking a cardiovascular drug, just 13 (2.5%) were also using a contraindicated herbal medication. And only one of the 514 participants taking one of the other prescriptions drugs of concern was also taking an herbal medication identified as potentially dangerous.
Of the 10 interactions seen among people taking the heart drug Lanoxin, nine involved the herbal supplement senna, which is found primarily in over-the-counter laxatives. Only one person taking the blood thinner Coumadin was also taking a contraindicated herbal supplement (ginkgo biloba).