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HIV and Cytomegalovirus - Topic Overview

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes-type virus that can cause fever, chills, sore throat, swollen glands, body aches, and fatigue.

In people who have AIDS, CMV most often infects the eye (CMV retinitis), the esophagus (esophagitis), and the intestines (colitis). CMV can also cause pneumonia or liver inflammation (hepatitis). A CMV infection can be fatal.

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AIDS, HIV, and Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP)

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a serious infection that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the lungs. It is caused by a fungus called Pneumocystis jiroveci. Likely spread through the air, this fungus is very common. Most people are exposed to it by age 3 or 4. A healthy immune system can easily control it. But it causes a type of pneumonia in people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). This is why it's called an opportunistic infection. Rarely,...

Read the AIDS, HIV, and Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP) article > >

CMV retinitis occurs in up to 40% of people who have CD4+ cell counts of less than 50 cells per microliter (mcL), and it can cause blindness.

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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: April 05, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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