From borzois to whippets, the Westminster Dog Show highlights
the best of the best when it comes to man's best friend. But these tender,
loving animals can do a lot more than look graceful and pretty -- OK, you might
not consider a bulldog "pretty." Dogs and other animals are helping
many people through rough and troubled times.
Take Steven (not his real name), a boisterous young boy from
Brewster, N.Y., who stands too close, speaks too loud, and doesn't have the
foggiest clue when it comes to personal boundaries. This resident of a
children's home benefits from an innovative therapy approach known as
animal-assisted therapy (AAT).
Adjustment disorders may cause serious problems in daily life.
An adjustment disorder occurs when the patient's reaction to a stressful event:
Is more severe than the expected amount of distress.
Affects relationships or causes problems at home or work.
Includes symptoms of depression and anxiety or other emotional, social, or behavioral problems.
Causes of adjustment disorders in cancer patients include the following:
Steven charges at the donkeys in the pen, desperate to interact
with them. They run. He tries again. They run.
Then his therapist suggests a new tactic -- try approaching the
donkeys calmly, quietly, and slowly. It works. The donkeys stand while he
happily strokes their muzzles.
The therapist praises Steven on his gentle manner and talks
about body language. Steven may not know it, but he's working hard and learning
a lot. Later, when he is ready, his therapist will help him see how these same
social skills can help him improve his relationships with his peers and the
other people in his life.
More Than 'Warm Fuzzies'
Animal-assisted therapy is more than just petting animals, says
Patricia LaMana, CSW, a social worker at Green Chimneys. Unlike programs that
provide what are known as animal assisted activities (AAA) in hospital and
other settings, AAT interactions need to be goal directed, individualized to
the patient, directed by a human health professional (like a therapist or
social worker), and have documented progress.
"The warm fuzzies are definitely a place to start the work,
but it goes way beyond that," says LaMana.
While the results of animal-assisted therapy are just beginning
to be documented in the medical literature, those who work in the field use
words like 'magical' and 'groundbreaking' to describe the results they are
seeing. One of the largest organizations, Delta Society, says their Pet
Partners program has over 4,000 human-animal teams in the U.S. and five other
countries. The Delta teams provided over 600,000 hours of service, both AAT and
AAA, in 2000 alone.