In today's world, you never know what you might see when you
pick up the newspaper or turn on the TV. Disturbing images of terror can
trigger a visceral response no matter how close or far away from home the event
It's 9 p.m., and you're still at work. You can't relax at home with unfinished work on your desk. And if you don't get this done, your boss will be upset. At least, that's what you think.
It isn't the work that leaves you unable to relax. It's that you see the work as a threat. Stress is not a reaction to an event but rather to how you interpret the event, says psychologist Allan R. Cohen, PsyD. You think, "If I don't work late every night, I will get fired," or "My boss won't like me," or "My...
Throughout history, every military conflict has involved
psychological warfare in one way or another as the enemy sought to break the
morale of their opponent. But thanks to advances in technology, the popularity
of the Internet, and proliferation of news coverage, the rules of engagement in
this type of mental battle have changed.
Whether it's a massive attack or a single horrific act, the
effects of psychological warfare aren't limited to the physical damage
inflicted. Instead, the goal of these attacks is to instill a sense of fear
that is much greater than the actual threat itself.
Therefore, the impact of psychological terror depends largely
on how the acts are publicized and interpreted. But that also means there are
ways to defend yourself and your loved ones by putting these fears into
perspective and protecting your children from horrific images.
What Is Psychological Terror?
"The use of terrorism as a tactic is predicated upon
inducing a climate of fear that is incommensurate with the actual threat,"
says Middle Eastern historian Richard Bulliet of Columbia University.
"Every time you have an act of violence, publicizing that violence becomes
an important part of the act itself."
"There are various ways to have your impact. You can have
your impact by the magnitude of what you do, by the symbolic character of
target, or the horrific quality of what you do to a single person," Bulliet
tells WebMD. "The point is that it isn't what you do, but it's how it's
covered that determines the effect."
For example, Bulliet says the Iranian hostage crisis, which
began in 1979 and lasted for 444 days, was actually one of the most harmless
things that happened in the Middle East in the last 25 years. All of the U.S.
hostages were eventually released unharmed, but the event remains a
psychological scar for many Americans who watched helplessly as each evening's
newscast counted the days the hostages were being held captive.