Some people develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after living through a shocking or dangerous experience. When you're in danger, your body's natural response is to feel scared.
That's when your body turns on its "fight or flight" response. In the face of something life-threatening, it revs up your heart rate, sends blood to your muscles to get ready to run, and amps up stress hormones to help fight off bleeding and infection in case you get hurt. Your brain tells your body that some of its functions are less important: Parts of the brain that store memory, emotion, and thinking get "turned off" for a little while.
This fall, USA Network will air the 100th episode of the hit detective series, Monk. “It should be a lot of fun,” says actor Tony Shalhoub, 54, who has played the title character for seven seasons. “Especially because Monk really likes the number 100.”
Adrian Monk, for those not in the know, is a warm and brokenhearted detective who has obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a mental illness with specific traits that Shalhoub says are not all that hard for him to identify with. Brilliant crime fighter...
Experiencing the sudden death of a close friend or family member
In the first month after a severe traumatic event, symptoms similar to PTSD are called an "acute stress disorder." If those symptoms arise or persist beyond the first month -- or develop even years after the event -- the term PTSD is used. Not everyone who lives through or sees a scary or dangerous experience develops PTSD.
There are four main "clusters" of symptoms that define PTSD, including:
Re-experiencing the traumatic event
Hyper-arousal (muscular and emotional tension)
Avoiding situations that may be reminders of the event
Persistent negative effects on thinking and mood (e.g. emotional numbing)
To be diagnosed with PTSD, specific symptoms from the following list must occur and last at least a month: