After you are diagnosed with
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), your doctor will
likely prescribe antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake
inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine (for example, Prozac). Antidepressants
are thought to help balance
neurotransmitters (such as serotonin) in your
In some cases it takes time to adjust the dosage or find
the right medicine that will work for you. You may start to feel better within
1 to 3 weeks after you start taking an SSRI. But it can take as many as 12 weeks to see more
improvement. If you have questions or concerns about your medicines, or if you
do not notice any improvement by 3 weeks, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may
increase the dosage of your medicine, change to another SSRI, or use another
medicine known as clomipramine if the medicine first prescribed doesn't help.
Clomipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant, has been used for years to treat OCD,
but it may have more side effects than SSRIs.
It's 9 p.m., and you're still at work. You can't relax at home with unfinished work on your desk. And if you don't get this done, your boss will be upset. At least, that's what you think.
It isn't the work that leaves you unable to relax. It's that you see the work as a threat. Stress is not a reaction to an event but rather to how you interpret the event, says psychologist Allan R. Cohen, PsyD. You think, "If I don't work late every night, I will get fired," or "My boss won't like me," or "My...
Your doctor may
prescribe other medicines if you have other conditions along with OCD.
Antidepressants (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine (for
example, Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), and sertraline (Zoloft) are commonly
prescribed to treat OCD. These medicines are taken as tablets or capsules. The
medicine venlafaxine can also help symptoms of OCD. The tricyclic
antidepressant clomipramine (Anafranil) is sometimes used as well.
Antidepressants are used to relieve the obsessive thoughts and subsequent
compulsive behaviors in those who have OCD. By increasing the level of
serotonin in the brain, antidepressants help to regulate the communication
between different parts of the brain.
A person with OCD may also have
other anxiety disorders that complicate treatment and require using other
For children and adolescents with OCD, treatment
cognitive-behavioral therapy with antidepressants
(SSRIs), such as sertraline, works better than only taking medicine.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy alone also works well, but it works better if it
is combined with medicine.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 05, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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