Not everyone who has osteopenia develops osteoporosis. But osteopenia can turn into osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can result in easily fractured bones and other very serious bone problems. When it is advanced, it can also cause disfigurement (from fractures in the spine) and lead to loss of mobility and independence, especially if the hip is fractured.
For many people, hearing "You have osteoporosis" is startling.
Some hear it in the hospital after breaking a hip. Others get the news after getting a bone density test.
Osteoporosis is most common in women after menopause, people with osteoporosis in their family, and people with a small frame. But others can also get it, raising their risk of bone fractures.
Cutting that risk is crucial. About half of women and a quarter of men over age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture, notes...
The amount of bone you have usually peaks around age 30. Then it begins to decline. Your body starts to reabsorb bone faster than new bone can be made.
With aging, your body reabsorbs calcium and other minerals from your bones. This reabsorption can make your bones weaker and lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis. The bones become more vulnerable to fractures and other damage.
What Are Some Risk Factors for Osteopenia and Osteoporosis?
Risk factors for developing osteopenia are the same as those for developing osteoporosis. They include: