This condition happens when glands in your neck -- called the parathyroid glands -- don't make enough parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH controls the amount of two important minerals, calcium and phosphorus, in your blood. You may have hypoparathyroidism because you’re missing these glands entirely, or because you have another medical condition that affects how much PTH is in your body.
Your body uses calcium to keep your nerves, muscles, and heart working. Without enough PTH, the calcium levels in your blood drop. You can then have many different health problems, like muscle spasms, tingling, heart problems, and seizures. The good news is, you can control the condition and keep yourself or your child healthy.
Treatment mostly means making sure the body has enough calcium, which you can do by eating a balanced diet and taking vitamins. If you stick with your treatment plan and see your doctor regularly, you can lead a full, active life with hypoparathyroidism.
Severe hypoparathyroidism can cause seizures, low blood pressure (or hypotension), and heart failure.
Children who have the disease may get a lot of cavities or have other problems with their teeth. The condition can also affect their physical growth and mental development. Careful treatment can help prevent these problems.