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Journal of Psychopharmacology: “Caffeine consumption and self-assessed stress, anxiety, and depression in secondary school children.”
National Council on Strength and Fitness: “Caffeine Consumption Among Children and Adolescents.”
Sleep Medicine Reviews: “Caffeine: Sleep and daytime sleepiness.”
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: “Caffeine Effects on Sleep Taken 0, 3, or 6 Hours before Going to Bed.”
The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics: “Caffeine Withdrawal: A Parametric Analysis of Caffeine Dosing Conditions.”
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology: “Is coffee a colonic stimulant?”
Harvard Health: “Breast pain: Not just a premenopausal complaint.”
Drug Design, Development, and Therapy: “Influence of caffeine and hyaluronic acid on collagen biosynthesis in human skin fibroblasts.”
American Academy of Dermatology: “Caring for Your Skin in Menopause.”
Journal of Caffeine Research: “Caffeine Use Disorder: A Comprehensive Review and Research Agenda.”
Food Science and Quality Management: “Effects of caffeine on health and nutrition: A Review.”
American Dental Association: “Top 9 Foods That Damage Your Teeth,” Dry Mouth.”
Mayo Clinic: “Caffeine: How Does It Affect Blood Pressure?”
StatPearls: “Caffeine, Withdrawal.”
Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Caffeine Withdrawal Recognized As A Disorder.”
American Psychological Association: “The exercise effect.”
Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on July 24, 2019
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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
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