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American Academy of Family Physicians: "Dehydration."
National Center for Health Statistics: "Daily Water Intake Among U.S. Men and Women, 2009–2012."
CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets: "Gut emotions - mechanisms of action of probiotics as novel therapeutic targets for depression and anxiety disorders."
Fitoterapia: "Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber."
Harvard Health Publishing: "Natural ways to relieve constipation," "Fermented foods for better gut health."
Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences: "Effect of Hydroalcoholic and Buthanolic Extract of Cucumis sativus Seeds on Blood Glucose Level of Normal and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats."
Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Constipation."
Journal of Food Science: "Evaluation of the Effects of Cucumis sativus Seed Extract on Serum Lipids in Adult Hyperlipidemic Patients: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial."
Journal of Young Pharmacists: "Free Radical Scavenging and Analgesic Activities of Cucumis sativus L. Fruit Extract."
Maurer Foundation: "What Are Free Radicals."
U.S. Department of Agriculture: "National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Legacy Release."
Journal of Medicinal Plant Research: "Effect of Hydroalcoholic and Buthanolic Extract of Cucumis sativus Seeds on Blood Glucose Level of Normal and Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats."
Journal of Scientific Research: "Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Effects of Cucumber, White Pumpkin and Ridge Gourd in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats."
Nutrients: "Link between Food Energy Density and Body Weight Changes in Obese Adults," "Contribution of Water from Food and Fluids to Total Water Intake: Analysis of a French and UK Population Surveys."
Nutritional Reviews: "Water, hydration, and health."
Psychiatry Research: "Fermented foods, neuroticism, and social anxiety: An interaction model."
The Nemours Foundation: "Dehydration."
Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition and Science Policy: "Discover the Digestive Benefits of Fermented Foods."
Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD on August 02, 2021
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