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What are the causes of narcissistic personality disorder?

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Experts don't know the exact cause of narcissistic personality disorder, but there are several theories. Many think it’s a mix of things, from how the person handles stress to how he was raised. Parents who put their children on a pedestal and shower them with endless praise can plant a seed of narcissism, a recent study found. There’s a line between being nurturing and supportive and inflating an ego.

Then again, the opposite is true, too. Children who are ignored or abused tend to be self-centered almost as a survival instinct. They feel they need to look out for themselves because no one else will.

From: Narcissistic Personality Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Narcissistic Personality Disorder."

American Psychological Association: "Personality."

PsychCentral: “Narcissistic Personality Quiz.”

Konrath, S. Aug. 5, 2014. PLOS One:

Bushman, B. Feb. 12, 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences:

Thomas, S. 2008. Journal of Personality Assessment,

Psychologia: “Malignant Narcissism vs. Narcissism vs. Narcissistic Personality Disorder.”

Harvard Business Review: “Narcissistic Leaders: The Incredible Pros, the Inevitable Cons.”

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 21, 2017

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Narcissistic Personality Disorder."

American Psychological Association: "Personality."

PsychCentral: “Narcissistic Personality Quiz.”

Konrath, S. Aug. 5, 2014. PLOS One:

Bushman, B. Feb. 12, 2015. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences:

Thomas, S. 2008. Journal of Personality Assessment,

Psychologia: “Malignant Narcissism vs. Narcissism vs. Narcissistic Personality Disorder.”

Harvard Business Review: “Narcissistic Leaders: The Incredible Pros, the Inevitable Cons.”

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 21, 2017

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What are treatments for narcissistic personality disorder?

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