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What is the criteria used to diagnose dissociative identity disorder?

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides the following criteria to diagnose dissociative identity disorder:

  • Two or more distinct identities or personality states are present, each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self.
  • Amnesia must occur, defined as gaps in the recall of everyday events, important personal information, and/or traumatic events.
  • The person must be distressed by the disorder or have trouble functioning in one or more major life areas because of the disorder.
  • The disturbance is not part of normal cultural or religious practices.
  • The symptoms cannot be due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (such as blackouts or chaotic behavior during alcohol intoxication) or a general medical condition (such as complex partial seizures).

SOURCES:

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Dissociative Identity Disorder."

Mayo Clinic: "Dissociative disorders."

 

 

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on July 22, 2019

SOURCES:

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Dissociative Identity Disorder."

Mayo Clinic: "Dissociative disorders."

 

 

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on July 22, 2019

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How common is dissociative identity disorder?

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