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American Academy of Pain Medicine: AAPM Facts and Figures on Pain.
American Academy of Pain Medicine: The Role of a Pain Tracking Tool.
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: FAQs about PM&R.
American Cancer Society: Turmeric.
American Chronic Pain Association: Pain Management Programs.
American Pain Foundation: Top 10 Tips for Explaining Your Pain.
American College of Gastroenterology: The Dangers of Aspirin and NSAIDS.
American Occupational Therapy Association: About Occupational Therapy.
Arthritis Foundation: Common Therapies to Consider.
CDC: Physical Activity for Everyone.
CDC: Growing Stronger -- Strength Training for Older Adults.
CDC: Physical Activity for Everyone.
Courage Center: Chronic Pain Rehabilitation.
FamilyDoctor.org: Pain Relievers: Understanding Your OTC Options.
Harvard Health Publications: Depression and Pain.
Harvard Health Publications: Lower Back Pain? Yoga Can Help.
International Association for the Study of Pain: Yoga Alleviates Pain and Improves Function in Fibromyalgia Patients.
Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: Yoga for People with Arthritis.
Johns Hopkins Medicine: Alcohol Abuse May Lead to Depression.
Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center: Rheumatoid Arthritis Pathophysiology.
Karapas T. Pain Management Patient Education Manual. 1995.
Lawton J et al. Psychology, Health and Medicine, August 209; vol 14: pp 487-501.
National Headache Foundation: Diet Can Influence Headache.
National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke: Low Back Pain Fact Sheet.
National Pain Foundation web site, "Using Complementary Therapy." National Sleep Foundation: How Much Sleep Do Adults Need?
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database web site, "Biofeedback."
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database web site, "Acupuncture."
Natural Standard web site, "Biofeedback," "Omega-3 Fatty Acids."
NCBI: Drug Class Review: Antiepileptic Drugs for Indications Other Than Epilepsy.
Northern California Chapter of the Neuropathy Association: Complementary and Alternative Treatments for Neuropathy.
Stanford School of Medicine Pain Management Center: Psychological Therapy.
Stanford Medicine: Long-term love may dull pain, study shows.
UCLA Newsroom: Can Thinking of a Loved One Reduce Your Pain?
Weill Cornell Medical College: Chronic Pain.
Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian, MD on November 19, 2021
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