Compass Plant, Compass Weed, Encensier, Herbe Aux Couronnes, Old Man, Polar Plant, Romarin, Romarin Des Troubadours, Romero, Rose de Marie, Rose Des Marins, Rosée De Mer, Rosemarine, Rosmarinus officinalis, Rusmari, Rusmary.<br/><br/>
Overview InformationRosemary is an herb. Oil is extracted from the leaf and used to make medicine.
Rosemary is used for digestion problems, including heartburn, intestinal gas (flatulence), and loss of appetite. It is also used for liver and gallbladder complaints, gout, cough, headache, high blood pressure, low blood pressure, stress, depression, improving memory in healthy adults, reducing age-related memory loss, improving energy and mental tiredness, opioid withdrawal symptoms, sunburn protection, and diabetic kidney disease.
Some women use rosemary for increasing menstrual flow and causing abortions.
Rosemary is applied to the skin for preventing and treating baldness It is also used for treating circulation problems, toothache, gum disease (gingivitis), a skin condition called eczema, muscle pain, pain along the sciatic nerve, and chest wall pain. It is also used for wound healing, in bath therapy (balneotherapy), and as an insect repellent.
In foods, rosemary is used as a spice. The leaf and oil are used in foods, and the oil is used in beverages.
In manufacturing, rosemary oil is used as a fragrant component in soaps and perfumes.
How does it work?Although it's not clear how rosemary works for hair loss, applying it to the scalp irritates the skin and increases blood circulation.
Uses & Effectiveness
Possibly Effective for
- Memory. Taking rosemary 500 milligrams twice daily appears to mildly improve memory in young adults. Also, rosemary aromatherapy seems to improve some measures of memory. Rosemary aromatherapy also seems to increase alertness in healthy adults.
Possibly Ineffective for
- Causing abortions.Taking rosemary by mouth does not seem to cause an abortion.
Insufficient Evidence for
- Age-related mental decline. Early research shows that taking powdered rosemary leaves might improve memory speed in healthy, older adults. However, higher doses seem worsen memory. Other early research shows that taking a product containing rosemary, lemon balm, and sage improves memory in healthy adults 62 years or younger. But it doesn't seem to improve memory in adults 63 years or older.
- Patchy hair loss. Early research shows that applying rosemary oil with lavender, thyme, and cedarwood oils to the scalp improves hair growth in some people.
- Male-pattern baldness. Early research suggests that applying rosemary oil to the scalp is as effective as minoxidil for increasing hair count in people with male-pattern baldness.
- Arthritis. Early research shows that taking a product containing rosemary, hops, and oleanolic acid (NG440 or Meta050) can reduce pain associated with arthritis.
- Diabetic kidney damage. A high level of protein in the urine of a diabetes patient is an early marker of diabetic kidney damage. Early research suggests that taking a product containing rosemary, centaury, and lovage (Canephron N by Bionorica) can decrease the amount of protein in the urine when taken with standard antidiabetes medications.
- Mental tiredness. Early research shows that taking rosemary does not improve attention or mental energy in adults with low energy levels.
- Fibromyalgia. Early research suggests that that taking a product containing rosemary, hops, and oleanolic acid (Meta050) does not improve symptoms of fibromyalgia.
- Gum disease (gingivitis). Early research shows that an herbal mouthwash containing rosemary, calendula, and ginger extracts helps reduce gum bleeding and swelling in people with gum disease when used twice daily after meals for 2 weeks. The herbal mouthwash seems to work about as well as an antibacterial mouthwash containing chlorhexidine gluconate 0.2%.
- Hypotension. Early research shows that taking rosemary oil three times per day increases the top number in a blood pressure reading (systolic blood pressure) and the bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) in people with low blood pressure. Blood pressure seems to return to pretreatment values once rosemary use is stopped.
- Opioid withdrawal. Early research suggests that taking rosemary leaves along with methadone, improves opioid withdrawal symptoms.
- Stress. Some early research suggests that rosemary and lavender oil aromatherapy may reduce pulse rates, but not blood pressure, in people taking tests. But other research shows that applying rosemary oil to the wrist increases feelings of anxiety and tension during testing.
- Sunburn. Early research suggests that taking a product containing rosemary and grapefruit extract (NutroxSun by Monteloeder Inc.) may protect against sunburn
- Gas (flatulence).
- High blood pressure.
- Increasing menstrual flow.
- Liver and gallbladder problems.
- Other conditions.
Side Effects & SafetyRosemary is LIKELY SAFE when consumed in amounts found in foods. Rosemary is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when used as a medicine when taken by mouth, applied to the skin, or inhaled as aromatherapy.
However, the undiluted oil is LIKELY UNSAFE to take by mouth. Taking large amounts of rosemary can cause vomiting, uterine bleeding, kidney irritation, increased sun sensitivity, skin redness, and allergic reactions.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Rosemary is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts. Rosemary might stimulate menstruation or affect the uterus, causing a miscarriage. Not enough is known about the safety of applying rosemary to the skin during pregnancy. If you are pregnant, it’s best to avoid rosemary in amounts larger than food amounts.
If you are breast-feeding, also steer clear of rosemary in medicinal amounts. Not enough is known about what effects it might have on the nursing infant.
Aspirin allergy. Rosemary contains a chemical that is very similar to aspirin. This chemical, known a as salicylate, may cause a reaction in people who are allergic to aspirin.
Bleeding disorders: Rosemary might increase the risk of bleeding and bruising in people with bleeding disorders. Use cautiously.
Seizure disorders: Rosemary might make seizure disorders worse. Don’t use it.
We currently have no information for ROSEMARY Interactions.
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:
- For memory: 500 milligrams of rosemary extract twice daily for one month has been used.
- For memory: Four drops of pure rosemary essential oil (Tisserand Aromatherapy) has been applied to an aromatherapy diffuser pad 5 minutes before testing.
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- Machado, D. G., Bettio, L. E., Cunha, M. P., Capra, J. C., Dalmarco, J. B., Pizzolatti, M. G., and Rodrigues, A. L. Antidepressant-like effect of the extract of Rosmarinus officinalis in mice: involvement of the monoaminergic system. Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol.Psychiatry 6-15-2009;33(4):642-650. View abstract.
- Mancini, D. A., Torres, R. P., Pinto, J. R., and Mancini, J. Inhibition of DNA Virus: Herpes-1 (HSV-1) in cellular culture replication, through an antioxidant treatment extracted from rosemary spice. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2009;45:127-133.
- Martin, R., Pierrard, C., Lejeune, F., Hilaire, P., Breton, L., and Bernerd, F. Photoprotective effect of a water-soluble extract of Rosmarinus officinalis L. against UV-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 in human dermal fibroblasts and reconstructed skin. Eur.J Dermatol. 2008;18(2):128-135. View abstract.
- Martinez, A. L., Gonzalez-Trujano, M. E., Pellicer, F., Lopez-Munoz, F. J., and Navarrete, A. Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts. Planta Med 2009;75(5):508-511. View abstract.
- Masuda, T., Inaba, Y., and Takeda, Y. Antioxidant mechanism of carnosic acid: structural identification of two oxidation products. J Agric.Food Chem. 2001;49(11):5560-5565. View abstract.
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- Muhlbauer, R. C., Lozano, A., Palacio, S., Reinli, A., and Felix, R. Common herbs, essential oils, and monoterpenes potently modulate bone metabolism. Bone 2003;32(4):372-380. View abstract.
- Nolkemper, S., Reichling, J., Stintzing, F. C., Carle, R., and Schnitzler, P. Antiviral effect of aqueous extracts from species of the Lamiaceae family against Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in vitro. Planta Med 2006;72(15):1378-1382. View abstract.
- Nusier, M. K., Bataineh, H. N., and Daradkah, H. M. Adverse effects of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) on reproductive function in adult male rats. Exp Biol.Med (Maywood.) 2007;232(6):809-813. View abstract.
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- Ozcan, M. M. and Chalchat, J. C. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey. Int J Food Sci.Nutr 2008;59(7-8):691-698. View abstract.
- Paris, A., Strukelj, B., Renko, M., Turk, V., Pukl, M., Umek, A., and Korant, B. D. Inhibitory effect of carnosic acid on HIV-1 protease in cell-free assays [corrected]. J Nat Prod 1993;56(8):1426-1430. View abstract.
- Park, J. A., Kim, S., Lee, S. Y., Kim, C. S., Kim, do K., Kim, S. J., and Chun, H. S. Beneficial effects of carnosic acid on dieldrin-induced dopaminergic neuronal cell death. Neuroreport 8-27-2008;19(13):1301-1304. View abstract.
- Poeckel, D., Greiner, C., Verhoff, M., Rau, O., Tausch, L., Hornig, C., Steinhilber, D., Schubert-Zsilavecz, M., and Werz, O. Carnosic acid and carnosol potently inhibit human 5-lipoxygenase and suppress pro-inflammatory responses of stimulated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Biochem.Pharmacol 7-1-2008;76(1):91-97. View abstract.
- Posadas, S. J., Caz, V., Largo, C., De la, Gandara B., Matallanas, B., Reglero, G., and De Miguel, E. Protective effect of supercritical fluid rosemary extract, Rosmarinus officinalis, on antioxidants of major organs of aged rats. Exp Gerontol. 2009;44(6-7):383-389. View abstract.
- Pozzatti, P., Scheid, L. A., Spader, T. B., Atayde, M. L., Santurio, J. M., and Alves, S. H. In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp. Can J Microbiol. 2008;54(11):950-956. View abstract.
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- Rasooli, I., Shayegh, S., Taghizadeh, M., and Astaneh, S. D. Phytotherapeutic prevention of dental biofilm formation. Phytother.Res 2008;22(9):1162-1167. View abstract.
- Rau, O., Wurglics, M., Paulke, A., Zitzkowski, J., Meindl, N., Bock, A., Dingermann, T., Abdel-Tawab, M., and Schubert-Zsilavecz, M. Carnosic Acid and Carnosol, Phenolic Diterpene Compounds of the Labiate Herbs Rosemary and Sage, are Activators of the Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma. Planta Med 2006;72(10):881-887. View abstract.
- Reichling, J., Nolkemper, S., Stintzing, F. C., and Schnitzler, P. Impact of ethanolic lamiaceae extracts on herpesvirus infectivity in cell culture. Forsch.Komplementmed. 2008;15(6):313-320. View abstract.
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- Pérez-Sánchez A, et al. Protective effects of citrus and rosemary extracts on UV-induced damage in skin cell model and human volunteers. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2014;136:12-18.
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- Solhi H, et al. Beneficial effects of Rosmarinus Officinalis for treatment of opium withdrawal syndrome during addiction treatment programs: a clinical trial. Addict Health. 2013;5(3-4):90-94.
- Swain AR, Dutton SP, Truswell AS. Salicylates in foods. J Am Diet.Assoc 1985;85(8):950-60. View abstract.
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- Zhu BT, Loder DP, Cai MX, et al. Dietary administration of an extract from rosemary leaves enhances the liver microsomal metabolism of endogenous estrogens and decreases their uterotropic action in CD-1 mice. Carcinogenesis 1998;19(10):1821-7. View abstract.
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