QUINCE

OTHER NAME(S):

Bedana, Cognassier, Coing, Coudonnier, Cydonia oblongata, Cydonia vulgaris, Marmelo, Membrillo, Pommier de Cydon, Pyrus cydonia, Quitte, Quittenbaum.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Quince is a small tree. The seed, fruit, and leaves are used as medicine.

People take quince by mouth for persistent heartburn, swelling (inflammation) of the stomach and intestines, morning sickness, hiccups, ulcers, and diarrhea. Quince is also taken by mouth for cough, sore throat, asthma, and hay fever.

Some people apply quince to the skin to heal wounds, reduce swelling in the joints, and soothe the eyes.

Quince is used as a nasal spray for hay fever.

In foods, quince fruit is used to make jam, jelly, marmalade, and pudding. It is also used to make juice and wine.

How does it work?

Some chemicals in quince might reduce how the immune system responds to substances that cause allergic reactions.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • Persistent heartburn. Taking quince syrup twice daily seems to reduce symptoms of persistent heartburn in children and teens. It seems to work about as well as taking the heartburn medicine omeprazole.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Hay fever. Early research shows that using a nasal spray containing lemon and quince doesn't reduce symptoms of grass pollen allergy.
  • Morning sickness. Early research shows that taking quince syrup before meals helps reduce morning sickness in pregnant women. It might work better than taking vitamin B6.
  • Coughs.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Swelling (inflammation) of the stomach and intestines.
  • Skin injuries, when applied to the skin.
  • Swollen and painful joints, when applied to the skin.
  • Eye discomfort, when applied as a lotion.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of quince for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

There isn't enough information to know if quince is safe for medicinal use. The seeds contain cyanide, which suggests that quince seeds might not be safe.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of quince during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Interactions

Interactions?

Major Interaction

Do not take this combination

!
  • Medications taken by mouth (Oral drugs) interacts with QUINCE

    Quince contains a type of soft fiber called mucilage. Mucilage can decrease how much medicine the body absorbs. Taking quince at the same time you take medications by mouth can decrease the effectiveness of your medication. To prevent this interaction take quince at least one hour after medications you take by mouth.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

CHILDREN

BY MOUTH:

  • For persistent heartburn: 0.3 mL/kg of quince syrup has been used twice daily for 4 weeks in children 7 months and older.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Baars EW, Savelkoul HF. Citrus/Cydonia comp. can restore the immunological balance in seasonal allergic rhinitis-related immunological parameters in vitro. Mediators Inflamm. 2008;2008:496467. View abstract.
  • Costa RM, Magalhães AS, Pereira JA, et al. Evaluation of free radical-scavenging and antihemolytic activities of quince (Cydonia oblonga) leaf: a comparative study with green tea (Camellia sinensis). Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47(4):860-5. View abstract.
  • Essafi-Benkhadir K, Refai A, Riahi I, Fattouch S, Karoui H, Essafi M. Quince (Cydonia oblonga Miller) peel polyphenols modulate LPS-induced inflammation in human THP-1-derived macrophages through NF-?B, p38MAPK and Akt inhibition. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012;418(1):180-5. View abstract.
  • Gründemann C, Papagiannopoulos M, Lamy E, Mersch-Sundermann V, Huber R. Immunomodulatory properties of a lemon-quince preparation (Gencydo®) as an indicator of anti-allergic potency. Phytomedicine. 2011;18(8-9):760-8. View abstract.
  • Hoffmann A, Klein SD, Gründemann C, Garcia-Käufer M, Wolf U, Huber R. Efficacy of a nasal spray from Citrus limon and Cydonia oblonga for the treatment of hay fever symptoms-A randomized, placebo controlled cross-over study. Phytother Res. 2016;30(9):1481-6. View abstract.
  • Huber R, Stintzing FC, Briemle D, Beckmann C, Meyer U, Gründemann C. In vitro antiallergic effects of aqueous fermented preparations from Citrus and Cydonia fruits. Planta Med. 2012;78(4):334-40. View abstract.
  • Jafari-Dehkordi E, Hashem-Dabaghian F, Aliasl F, et al. Comparison of quince with vitamin B6 for treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: a randomised clinical trial. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2017;37(8):1048-1052. View abstract.
  • Kawahara T, Tsutsui K, Nakanishi E, Inoue T, Hamauzu Y. Effect of the topical application of an ethanol extract of quince seeds on the development of atopic dermatitis-like symptoms in NC/Nga mice. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17(1):80. View abstract.
  • Pacifico S, Gallicchio M, Fiorentino A, Fischer A, Meyer U, Stintzing FC. Antioxidant properties and cytotoxic effects on human cancer cell lines of aqueous fermented and lipophilic quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) preparations. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50(11):4130-5. View abstract.
  • Shinomiya F, Hamauzu Y, Kawahara T. Anti-allergic effect of a hot-water extract of quince (Cydonia oblonga). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009;73(8):1773-8. View abstract.
  • Zohalinezhad ME, Imanieh MH, Samani SM, et al. Effects of Quince syrup on clinical symptoms of children with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease: A double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2015;21(4):268-76. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.