COTTON

OTHER NAME(S):

Algodón, Algodón Americano, Algodón Cimarrón, Algodonero, Coton, Cotonnier, Cotton Plant, Cotton Root, Cotton Seed, Cotton Seed Oil, Cottonier, Cottonseed Oil, Gossypium herbaceum, Gossypium hirsutum, Graine de Coton, Huile de Graine de Coton, Karpasa, Mian Hua Gen, Racine de Coton.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Cotton is a plant. People use the bark of the root to make medicine. Don’t confuse cotton with cottonseed extract (gossypol).

Cotton is used for nausea, fever, headache, diarrhea, dysentery, nerve pain, and bleeding.

Women use cotton for menstrual disorders and symptoms of menopause. They also use it to bring on labor and childbirth, as well as to expel the afterbirth. Some women use cotton to improve breast milk production.

Despite safety concerns, men sometimes use cotton for birth control. Cotton is also included in some birth control products that are applied vaginally.

How does it work?

Cotton root bark might help stimulate menstrual flow, induce labor and delivery, and act as a male contraceptive.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Malaria. Early research suggests that taking a specific preparation (AM-1) containing cotton, Barbados nut, angular winter cherry, and Royal Poinciana by mouth for up to 7 days helps eliminate malaria parasites in people with malaria.
  • Menstrual disorders.
  • Menopausal symptoms.
  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Bringing on labor and childbirth.
  • Male birth control.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of cotton for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Cotton is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth as a medicine or when cotton root bark preparations are taken in amounts found in foods.

However, men using cotton for birth control should understand that it might cause irreversible sterility.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It’s LIKELY UNSAFE to use cotton if you are pregnant. It might cause the uterus to contract, and this might cause a miscarriage.

Not enough is known about the safety of using cotton during breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Kidney problems: Don’t use cotton if you have a kidney condition.

Reproductive system condition: Don’t use cotton if you have a problem with your reproductive system.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for COTTON Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of cotton depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for cotton. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Ajaiyeoba, E. O., Falade, C. O., Fawole, O. I., Akinboye, D. O., Gbotosho, G. O., Bolaji, O. M., Ashidi, J. S., Abiodun, O. O., Osowole, O. S., Itiola, O. A., Oladepo, O., Sowunmi, A., and Oduola, A. M. Efficacy of herbal remedies used by herbalists in Oyo State Nigeria for treatment of Plasmodium falciparum infections--a survey and an observation. Afr.J Med Med Sci 2004;33(2):115-119. View abstract.
  • Ankrah, N. A., Nyarko, A. K., Addo, P. G., Ofosuhene, M., Dzokoto, C., Marley, E., Addae, M. M., and Ekuban, F. A. Evaluation of efficacy and safety of a herbal medicine used for the treatment of malaria. Phytother.Res 2003;17(6):697-701. View abstract.
  • Annan, K. and Houghton, P. J. Antibacterial, antioxidant and fibroblast growth stimulation of aqueous extracts of Ficus asperifolia Miq. and Gossypium arboreum L., wound-healing plants of Ghana. J Ethnopharmacol. 9-2-2008;119(1):141-144. View abstract.
  • Chaturvedi, S., Randhawa, H. S., Chaturvedi, V. P., and Khan, Z. U. Cottonseed extract versus pharmamedia for the in vitro mould-yeast conversion of Blastomyces dermatitidis. J Med Vet.Mycol. 1990;28(2):139-145. View abstract.
  • Chaturvedi, S., Randhawa, H. S., Chaturvedi, V. P., and Khan, Z. U. Efficacy of seed-based media for the mould-yeast conversion of Blastomyces dermatitidis. Mycopathologia 1991;116(2):87-96. View abstract.
  • Choi, J. J., Yoon, K. N., Lee, S. K., Lee, Y. H., Park, J. H., Kim, W. Y., Kim, J. K., and Kim, W. K. Antitumor activity of the aqueous-alcoholic extracts from unripe cotton ball of Gossypium indicum. Arch.Pharm.Res 1998;21(3):266-272. View abstract.
  • Flack, M. R., Pyle, R. G., Mullen, N. M., Lorenzo, B., Wu, Y. W., Knazek, R. A., Nisula, B. C., and Reidenberg, M. M. Oral gossypol in the treatment of metastatic adrenal cancer. J.Clin.Endocrinol.Metab 1993;76(4):1019-1024. View abstract.
  • Garratt, L. C., Janagoudar, B. S., Anthony, P., Davey, M. R., Power, J. B., and Lowe, K. C. Hemoglobin-stimulated growth and antioxidant activities in cultured cotton cells. Free Radic.Biol.Med 11-15-2001;31(10):1156-1162. View abstract.
  • Leipelt, M., Warnecke, D., Zahringer, U., Ott, C., Muller, F., Hube, B., and Heinz, E. Glucosylceramide synthases, a gene family responsible for the biosynthesis of glucosphingolipids in animals, plants, and fungi. J Biol.Chem 9-7-2001;276(36):33621-33629. View abstract.
  • Liu, G. Z., Ch'iu-Hinton, K., Cao, J. A., Zhu, C. X., and Li, B. Y. Effects of K salt or a potassium blocker on gossypol-related hypokalemia. Contraception 1988;37(2):111-117. View abstract.
  • Liu, G. Z., Lyle, K. C., and Cao, J. Clinical trial of gossypol as a male contraceptive drug. Part I. Efficacy study. Fertil.Steril. 1987;48(3):459-461. View abstract.
  • Martin, CJ. Gossypium Herbaceum. An Investigation of the Physiological Effects of Gossypium Herbaceum made in the Materia Medica Laboratory of Jefferson Medical College. American Journal of the Medical Sciences. 1882;83(165):82-86.
  • Morton, J. F. Folk remedies of the low country. Miami: E.A. Seemann Publishing, Inc;1974.
  • Nakayama, T., Shimazaki, K., Ono, J., Ohsato, K., and Yamaura, A. [Intracranial foreign body granuloma caused by fine cotton fibers: a case report]. No Shinkei Geka 1994;22(11):1081-1084. View abstract.
  • Oberto, G., Bauza, E., Berghi, A., Portolan, F., Botto, J. M., Peyronel, D., Dal, Farra C., and Domloge, N. Cotton honeydew (Gossypium hirsutum L.) extract offers very interesting properties for hair cosmetics and care products. Drugs Exp.Clin Res 2005;31(4):131-140. View abstract.
  • Osuntoki AA, Olagundoye OR. A Mechanism for the Anti-inflammatory Activity of Gossypium Arboreum Linn Leaves. Nigerian Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences 2007;6(2):30-32.
  • Potter, T. L., Truman, C. C., Bosch, D. D., and Bednarz, C. W. Cotton defoliant runoff as a function of active ingredient and tillage. J Environ.Qual 2003;32(6):2180-2188. View abstract.
  • Qian, S. Z. and Wang, Z. G. Gossypol: a potential antifertility agent for males. Annu.Rev.Pharmacol.Toxicol. 1984;24:329-360. View abstract.
  • Qian, S. Z., Jing, G. W., Wu, X. Y., Xu, Y., Li, Y. Q., and Zhou, Z. H. Gossypol related hypokalemia. Clinicopharmacologic studies. Chin Med.J.(Engl.) 1980;93(7):477-482. View abstract.
  • Sepehri, H., Roghani, M., and Houdebine, M. L. Oral administration of pectin-rich plant extract enhances C3 and C4 complement concentration in woman colostrum. Reprod.Nutr Dev. 1998;38(3):255-260. View abstract.
  • Wendel JF, Brubaker CL Percival AE. Genetic diversity in gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton. Am J Botany 1992;79(11):1291-1310.
  • Woolley, R. J. Contraception--a look forward, Part II: Mifepristone and gossypol. J.Am.Board Fam.Pract. 1991;4(2):103-113. View abstract.
  • Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Professional's Handbook of Complementary & Alternative Medicines. 1st ed. Springhouse, PA: Springhouse Corp., 1999.
  • Weiner MA, Weiner JA. Herbs that heal: prescription for herbal healing. Mill Valley, CA:Quantum Books, 1999.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.