MYRTLE

OTHER NAME(S):

Aas, A'as, Arrayán, Common Myrtle, Habbal-Aas, Habb-Ul-Aas, Herbe du Lagui, Mirto, Mourd, Murta, Myrte, Myrte Commun, Myrti Aetheroleum, Myrti Folium, Myrtus communis, Nerte, Roman Myrtle, True Myrtle.

Overview

Overview Information

Myrtle is a plant. The fruit, leaves, and branches are used to make medicine.

People take myrtle for treating lung infections including bronchitis, whooping cough, and tuberculosis. They also take it for bladder conditions, diarrhea, persistent heartburn, heavy periods, yeast infections, and worms.

Myrtle is used on the skin for warts and in the mouth for canker sores and thrush.

Myrtle is used in the vagina for the sexually transmitted infection, human papillomavirus (HPV).

How does it work?

Myrtle might help fight against fungus and bacteria. Some chemicals in myrtle might help to decrease inflammation.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • A sexually transmitted infection that can lead to genital warts or cancer (human papillomavirus or HPV). Placing suppositories containing myrtle leaf extract into the vagina for most days of the month helps to treat HPV infections in women. It also seems to reduce itching and burning.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Canker sores. Early research shows that applying a paste with myrtle leaf extract helps canker sores to heal faster.
  • Persistent heartburn. Early research shows that taking myrtle berry extract works as well as a medication called omeprazole for improving symptoms of heartburn.
  • Abnormally heavy bleeding during menstrual periods (menorrhagia). Early research shows that taking myrtle fruit syrup during menstruation helps to reduce the amount of blood lost in women with heavy periods.
  • Bladder conditions.
  • Bronchitis.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Whooping cough.
  • Worms.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of myrtle for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Diluted myrtle leaf extract is POSSIBLY SAFE when used on the skin or when used in the vagina. Irritation and dryness are possible. The oil of myrtle is UNSAFE when taken by mouth. It contains a chemical that can cause low blood pressure, blood circulation disorders, and other problems.

There isn't enough information to know if taking the leaf, branch, or berry of myrtle by mouth is safe.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It's UNSAFE to take myrtle by mouth if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Don't use it.

Children: Myrtle is UNSAFE for children. Even simple facial contact with the oil can cause breathing problems and death in infants and small children.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for MYRTLE Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

ADULTS

IN THE VAGINA:

  • For a sexually transmitted infection that can lead to genital warts or cancer (human papillomavirus or HPV): Suppositories containing myrtle leaf extract 10% and leaf essential oil 0.5% have been placed into the vagina on the non-menstruating days of each cycle for up to three menstrual cycles.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Babaee N, Mansourian A, Momen-Heravi F, Moghadamnia A, Momen-Beitollahi J. The efficacy of a paste containing Myrtus communis (Myrtle) in the management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Oral Investig. 2010;14(1):65-70. View abstract.
  • Nikakhtar Z, Hasanzadeh M, Hamedi SS, et al. The efficacy of vaginal suppository based on myrtle in patients with cervicovaginal human papillomavirus infection: A randomized, double-blind, placebo trial. Phytother Res. 2018;32(10):2002-2008. View abstract.
  • Qaraaty M, Kamali SH, Dabaghian FH, et al. Effect of myrtle fruit syrup on abnormal uterine bleeding: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Daru. 2014;22:45. View abstract.
  • Zohalinezhad ME, Hosseini-Asl MK, Akrami R, et al. Myrtus communis L. freeze-dried aqueous extract versus omeprazole in gastrointestinal reflux disease: A double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2016;21(1):23-9. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
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