AMARANTH

OTHER NAME(S):

Alegría, Amarante, Amarante-Grain, Amarante-Grain Géante, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus cruentus; synonym Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus frumentaceus, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus leucocarpus, Amaranthus roxburghianus, Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus tricolor, Amaranto, Chua, Huantli, Huatlí, Khaddar-Chaulai, Lady Bleeding, Love-Lies-Bleeding, Lovely Bleeding, Pilewort, Prickly Amaranth, Prince's Feather, Rajgira, Ramdana, Red Cockscomb, Red Spinach, Rhamdana, Royal Grain, Smooth Amaranth, Tandulja, Velvet Flower.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Amaranth is a plant. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. The entire plant is used to make medicine.

Amaranth is used for ulcers, diarrhea, swelling of the mouth or throat, and high cholesterol, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

In foods, amaranth is used as a pseudocereal.

How does it work?

Amaranth contains chemicals that act like antioxidants.

There is interest in using amaranth for high cholesterol because some research in animals suggests that it might be able to lower total cholesterol and "bad" LDL cholesterol, while raising "good" HDL cholesterol. But amaranth doesn't seem to have these benefits in people.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Ineffective for

  • High cholesterol. In people with high cholesterol, eating a low-fat diet that includes amaranth oil or muffins enriched with amaranth doesn't seem to lower cholesterol any better than simply following a low-fat diet.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Stomach ulcers. Early research shows that amaranth oil doesn't help stomach ulcers in people already being treated with medications.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Swollen mouth and throat.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of amaranth for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: The seed, oil, and leaves of amaranth are LIKELY SAFE when used in food amounts.

It is not known if using amaranth as medicine is safe or what the possible side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if amaranth is safe to use as a medicine when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for AMARANTH Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of amaranth depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for amaranth. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Bressani, R., de Martell, E. C., and de Godinez, C. M. Protein quality evaluation of amaranth in adult humans. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr. 1993;43(2):123-143. View abstract.
  • Devadas, R. P. and Murthy, N. K. Biological utilization of beta-carotene from amaranth and leaf protein in preschool children. World Rev.Nutr.Diet. 1978;31:159-161. View abstract.
  • Gonor, K. V., Pogozheva, A. V., Derbeneva, S. A., Mal'tsev, G. I., Trushina, E. N., and Mustafina, O. K. [The influence of a diet with including amaranth oil on antioxidant and immune status in patients with ischemic heart disease and hyperlipoproteidemia]. Vopr.Pitan. 2006;75(6):30-33. View abstract.
  • Gonor, K. V., Pogozheva, A. V., Kulakova, S. N., Medvedev, F. A., and Miroshnichenko, L. A. [The influence of diet with including amaranth oil on lipid metabolism in patients with ischemic heart disease and hyperlipoproteidemia]. Vopr.Pitan. 2006;75(3):17-21. View abstract.
  • Haskell, M. J., Pandey, P., Graham, J. M., Peerson, J. M., Shrestha, R. K., and Brown, K. H. Recovery from impaired dark adaptation in nightblind pregnant Nepali women who receive small daily doses of vitamin A as amaranth leaves, carrots, goat liver, vitamin A-fortified rice, or retinyl palmitate. Am.J Clin.Nutr. 2005;81(2):461-471. View abstract.
  • Kim, H. K., Kim, M. J., and Shin, D. H. Improvement of lipid profile by amaranth (Amaranthus esculantus) supplementation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Ann.Nutr.Metab 2006;50(3):277-281. View abstract.
  • Kim, H. K., Kim, M. J., Cho, H. Y., Kim, E. K., and Shin, D. H. Antioxidative and anti-diabetic effects of amaranth (Amaranthus esculantus) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Cell Biochem Funct. 2006;24(3):195-199. View abstract.
  • Martirosyan, D. M., Miroshnichenko, L. A., Kulakova, S. N., Pogojeva, A. V., and Zoloedov, V. I. Amaranth oil application for coronary heart disease and hypertension. Lipids Health Dis. 2007;6:1. View abstract.
  • Negi, P. S. and Roy, S. K. Changes in beta-carotene and ascorbic acid content of fresh amaranth and fenugreek leaves during storage by low cost technique. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr 2003;58(3):225-230. View abstract.
  • Shin, D. H., Heo, H. J., Lee, Y. J., and Kim, H. K. Amaranth squalene reduces serum and liver lipid levels in rats fed a cholesterol diet. Br.J Biomed.Sci. 2004;61(1):11-14. View abstract.
  • Shukla, S., Bhargava, A., Chatterjee, A., Srivastava, J., Singh, N., and Singh, S. P. Mineral profile and variability in vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor). Plant Foods Hum.Nutr. 2006;61(1):23-28. View abstract.
  • Bolten WW, Glade MJ, Raum S, Ritz BW. The safety and efficacy of an enzyme combination in managing knee osteoarthritis pain in adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis 2015;2015:251521. View abstract.
  • Chaturvedi A, Sarojini G, Devi NL. Hypocholesterolemic effect of amaranth seeds (Amaranthus esculantus). Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1993;44:63-70.. View abstract.
  • Chaudhary MA, Imran I, Bashir S, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012;12:166. View abstract.
  • Cherkas A, Zarkovic K, Cipak Gasparovic A, et al. Amaranth oil reduces accumulation of 4-hydroxynonenal-histidine adducts in gastric mucosa and improves heart rate variability in duodenal peptic ulcer patients undergoing Helicobacter pylori eradication. Free Radic Res. 2018;52(2):135-149. View abstract.
  • Kasera R, Niphadkar PV, Saran A, Mathur C, Singh AB. First case report of anaphylaxis caused by Rajgira seed flour (Amaranthus paniculatus) from India: a clinico-immunologic evaluation. Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 2013;31(1):79-83. View abstract.
  • López VR, Razzeto GS, Giménez MS, Escudero NL. Antioxidant properties of Amaranthus hypochondriacus seeds and their effect on the liver of alcohol-treated rats. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2011;66(2):157-62. View abstract.
  • Lust J. The herb book. New York, NY: Bantam Books, 1999.
  • Maier SM, Turner ND, Lupton JR. Serum lipids in hypercholesterolemic men and women consuming oat bran and amaranth products. Cereal Chem 2000:77;297-302.
  • Nirmal SA, Ingale JM, Pattan SR, Bhawar SB. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. J Integr Med. 2013;11(3):206-12. View abstract.
  • Prakash D, Joshi BD, Pal M. Vitamin C in leaves and seed oil composition of the Amaranthus species. Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995;46:47-51. View abstract.
  • Quiroga AV, Aphalo P, Ventureira JL, Martínez EN, Añón MC. Physicochemical, functional and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory properties of amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) 7S globulin. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92(2):397-403. View abstract.
  • Silva-Sánchez C, de la Rosa AP, León-Galván MF, de Lumen BO, de León-Rodrígue A, de Mejía EG. Bioactive peptides in amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) seed. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(4):1233-40. View abstract.
  • Subramanian D, Gupta S. Pharmacokinetic study of amaranth extract in healthy humans: A randomized trial. Nutrition. 2016;32(7-8):748-53. View abstract.
  • Velarde-Salcedo AJ, Barrera-Pacheco A, Lara-González S, et al. In vitro inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV by peptides derived from the hydrolysis of amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus L.) proteins. Food Chem. 2013;136(2):758-64. View abstract.
  • Yelisyeyeva O, Semen K, Zarkovic N, Kaminskyy D, Lutsyk O, Rybalchenko V. Activation of aerobic metabolism by Amaranth oil improves heart rate variability both in athletes and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2012;118(2):47-57. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.