Slow down the disease by quitting smoking and avoiding triggers, such as air pollution.
Limit your symptoms, such as shortness of
breath, with medicines.
Increase your overall health with regular activity.
Prevent and treat flare-ups with medicines and other treatment.
Pulmonary rehabilitation (rehab)Pulmonary rehabilitation (rehab) can help you meet these goals. It helps train your mind, muscles, and heart to get the most out of
damaged lungs. The program involves a team of health professionals who help prevent or manage the problems caused by
COPD. Rehab typically combines exercise, breathing therapy, advice for eating well, and other education.
The “Borg Scale for Rating of Perceived Exertion“ is a useful way of checking the intensity of your exercise program. The scale is also helpful when you are trying to manage a limited amount of energy to complete your daily actions.
Using the Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion, you can learn to monitor your performance and intensity. This will pace your effort and help you maintain a moderate level of exertion. Exercising or working at moderate levels will help you to increase your exercise...
Much of the treatment for COPD includes things you can do for yourself.
Quitting smoking is the most important thing you can do to slow the disease and improve your quality of life.
Other things you can do that really make a difference including eating well, staying active, and avoiding triggers. To learn more, see Living With COPD.
The medicines used to treat COPD can be long-acting to help prevent symptoms or short-acting to help relieve
them. To learn more, see Medications.
Other treatment you may need
If COPD gets worse, you may need other treatment, such as:
Oxygen treatmentOxygen treatment. This involves getting extra oxygen through a face mask or through a small tube that fits just inside your nose. It can be done in the hospital or at home.
Treatment for muscle weakness and weight loss. Many people with
severe COPD have trouble keeping their weight up and their bodies strong. This
can be treated by paying attention to eating regularly and well.
Help with depression. COPD can affect more than your lungs. It
can cause stress, anxiety, and depression. These things take energy and can
make your COPD symptoms worse. But they can be treated. If you feel very sad or anxious, call your
Surgery. Surgery is rarely used for COPD. It's only considered for people who have severe COPD that has not improved with other treatment.