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Schizotypal Personality Disorder

How Is Schizotypal Personality Disorder Treated?

People with schizotypal personality disorder rarely seek treatment for the disorder itself. When they do seek treatment, it most often is due to a related disorder, such as depression or anxiety.

Psychotherapy -- a form of counseling -- is the form of treatment most often used. The goal of therapy is to help a person change his or her habits of thinking and behavior, and to develop more appropriate social skills. Through treatment, people with this disorder can be taught to recognize when they are distorting reality.

People with schizotypal personality disorder who also suffer from another disorder, such as anxiety or depression, might benefit from medication, such as an antidepressant or anti-anxiety drug. In some instances, especially at times of crises or extreme stress, severe symptoms might develop, requiring a brief period of hospitalization.

Treatment for people with this disorder is most effective when family members are involved and supportive.

What Complications Are Associated With Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

People with this disorder might be at risk for developing anxiety or depression. They also tend to have poor social skills and lack fulfilling relationships. Without treatment, people with this disorder can become even more uncomfortable in social situations, which can lead to greater isolation.

What Is the Outlook for People With Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

The outlook with schizotypal personality disorder varies with its severity. The outlook generally improves for a person who seeks and complies with treatment. With treatment, some people experience significant improvement while others do not.

Can Schizotypal Personality Disorder Be Prevented?

At this time, there is no known way to prevent schizotypal personality disorder. However, assessing the risk for the disorder, such as having a family history of schizophrenia, might allow for early diagnosis and treatment.


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on October 11, 2012

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