Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Health & Parenting

Font Size

More Self-Control as a Child, Lower BMI as Adult?

Are Kids Who Can Resist Temptation Less Likely to Be Overweight Adults?
WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Aug. 16, 2012 -- Children who show self-control in the face of temptation may be less likely to have weight problems as adults.

In a study published in the Journal of Pediatrics, 4-year-olds participated in a test measuring self-control between 1968 and 1974. Kids were asked to choose between an immediate small food reward (for example, one marshmallow) or to wait for an unspecified time for an even bigger treat -- two marshmallows.

According to the study, being able to wait it out was linked to lower body mass index as adults 30 years later. For each minute they delayed reaching for the tasty treat as children, there was a 0.2-point decrease in their body mass index as adults. At follow-up, 24% of 164 participants were overweight and 9% were obese.

Wait for It...

“We know that we are living in a toxic food environment,” says researcher Tanya Schlam, PhD. She is an assistant scientist at the University of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention in Madison. “Fast foods are available everywhere and it’s so easy to not get any exercise and lead a sedentary life.”

The findings suggest that “having self-control seems to help mitigate or lessen that risk in terms of being able to resist the temptations that are all around us,” she says.

The study may also help identify kids at risk for obesity. Some seemed to know how to distract themselves in the face of temptation, while others did not, she says.

“Since our toxic food environment seems unlikely to change a lot in the near future, high self-control can help people resist overeating and stay at a healthy weight despite temptations.”

Teaching Kids to Make Healthier Food Choices

So how can one teach or foster self-control and delayed gratification? Schoolyard games such as other “Mother May I” and “Red Light, Green Light” can help kids learn self-control. These games encourage patience and listening skills.

Martial arts and mindfulness meditation may also increase children's self-control, Schlam says.

“Parents may want to consider encouraging their child to learn martial arts, mindfulness meditation, or yoga,” she suggests. “Programs that help children increase their self-control involve lots of practice, with the tasks becoming progressively more challenging.”

Today on WebMD

Girl holding up card with BMI written
Is your child at a healthy weight?
toddler climbing
What happens in your child’s second year.
father and son with laundry basket
Get your kids to help around the house.
boy frowning at brocolli
Tips for dealing with mealtime mayhem
mother and daughter talking
child brushing his teeth
Sipping hot tea
Young woman holding lip at dentists office
Which Vaccines Do Adults Need
rl with friends
tissue box
Child with adhd