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Schizophrenia in Young Adults

When Does it Start and Who Gets It?

Psychotic symptoms (such as hallucinations and delusions) usually emerge in men in their late teens and early 20s and in women in their mid-20s to early 30s. They seldom occur after age 45 and only rarely before puberty, although cases of schizophrenia in children as young as 5 have been reported. In adolescents, the first signs can include a change of friends, a drop in grades, sleep problems, and irritability. Because many normal adolescents exhibit these behaviors as well, a diagnosis can be difficult to make at this stage. In young people who go on to develop the disease, this is called the "prodromal" period.

Research has shown that schizophrenia affects men and women equally and occurs at similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world.

Recommended Related to Schizophrenia

Working With Schizophrenia

You may think holding down a job is too much for someone with schizophrenia. But with treatment, many people can -- and should -- stay in the game. "People feel better about themselves if they're doing something productive," says Steven Jewell, MD, associate professor of psychiatry at Northeast Ohio Medical University. "It's critical to recovery to move forward with your life, whether it's at school or at work." Jewell advocates a team approach to providing patients the treatment, skills, and support...

Read the Working With Schizophrenia article > >

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. National Institutes of Health

Reviewed on July 12, 2006

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