Artificial sphincter. A silicone rubber device is fitted around the urethra (the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body). It can be inflated or deflated to control urination.
Urethral bulking. Material is injected around the urethra. This serves to control urination by either closing a hole in the urethra or building up the thickness of the wall of the urethra.
Bulbourethral sling. A sling is placed beneath the urethra. It is attached to either muscle tissue or the pubic bone. The sling compresses and raises the urethra. This gives the urethra greater resistance to pressure from the belly. Sling surgery may be considered as a treatment for severe urinary incontinence from prostate surgery.
Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS). An electrical stimulator under your skin sends pulses to the sacral nerve in your lower back. This nerve plays a role in bladder storage and emptying.
What to think about
Surgery works for some people and not others. It is most likely to improve incontinence when:
The diagnosis is right.
The cause of your symptoms is something that can be fixed by surgery.
Your surgeon is very experienced and skilled with the surgery you're having.
Things that can lead to disappointing results include:
Unrealistic expectations. Surgery won't always cure the symptoms, but it will usually improve them.