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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Sigmoidoscopy Cuts Colon Cancer Cases, Deaths

But the Best Screening Test Is the One You Get, Doctors Say
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Colon Cancer Cases, Deaths Cut continued...

But a closer look at the data shows that the benefit was attributable to the 22% of people who underwent follow-up colonoscopies as a result of suspicious findings on sigmoidoscopy, he tells WebMD.

Cases and deaths from colon cancer in the left colon were slashed by 29% and 50%, respectively. Cases in the right colon were reduced by 14%, with no substantial dent in the death rate.

The results appear online in The New England Journal of Medicine and were presented at Digestive Disease Week in San Diego.

The Best Screening Test: The One You Get

So are you better off getting a colonoscopy? Or a sigmoidoscopy?

That's one question, Schoen and other experts agree, where the answer doesn't matter -- as long as you get something.

"What this study clearly says is that if you don't want a colonoscopy, have a sigmoidoscopy or a fecal occult blood test. Just have something. Colorectal cancer screening is a homerun in its ability to reduce new cancers and cancer deaths," Schoen says.

Barnett Kramer, MD, director of the National Cancer Institute's division of cancer prevention, notes that this is the second major trial to show that sigmoidoscopy is effective in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer.

"Sigmoidoscopy is less invasive than colonoscopy and carries a lower risk of the colon being perforated, which may make it more acceptable as a screening test to some patients. There are several effective screening tests for colon cancer, and the most effective screening test is the one that people choose to take," he said in a statement.

David Bernstein, MD, a gastroenterologist at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y., notes that there haven't been any clinical trials directly comparing sigmoidoscopy to colonoscopy.

"This study clearly shows that sigmoidoscopy reduces colorectal cancer cases and deaths for the segment of colon it is supposed to evaluate" and therefore is a good use of health care resources to screen for people who should have a colonoscopy, he says.

"But the take-home message is that we have not just one, but several excellent methods to prevent colon cancer," Bernstein tells WebMD.

John M. Inadomi, MD, a gastroenterologist at the University of Washington in Seattle, wrote an editorial accompanying the study. "Patients preferences for screening tests should be identified and respected -- in this case, the best test is the one that gets done," he writes.

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