It was the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. Eight of the top swimmers in the world were lined up, ready to hit the pool for the 50-meter freestyle. The buzzer sounded. They propelled themselves into the water. In just under 22 seconds, the race was over. American Gary Hall Jr. had won gold, tying with teammate Anthony Ervin for the medal.
Only a few elite athletes can claim a gold win at the Olympic Games, but what makes Hall's achievement even more exceptional is that he did it only a...
A: Prediabetes means your blood sugar (glucose) level is above normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. The higher level means your body is starting to have trouble using the hormone insulin, which normally moves glucose from the blood into your body's cells. Without insulin working properly, glucose begins to build up in your bloodstream.
Prediabetes is a warning, signaling that you could get diabetes if you don't change your lifestyle. Also, higher-than-normal blood sugar over time puts you at risk for complications like heart disease and nerve damage (neuropathy).
Prediabetes often doesn't have any symptoms, so you may not know you have it. Your doctor can measure your blood sugar during a routine blood screening test. To decide whether to screen, your doctor will look at risk factors like:
Your doctor might order one or more of three blood tests to measure your blood sugar. A fasting blood glucose test checks your blood sugar level after you haven't eaten anything for at least 8 hours. The hemoglobin A1c test shows your average blood sugar levels over the past 3 months. And an oral glucose tolerance test checks your blood sugar 2 hours after you have a carbohydrate-containing drink.
If you do have prediabetes, you can prevent it from turning into diabetes. People can delay diabetes for a decade or more just by making lifestyle changes, studies show. Those changes include:
Eat low-calorie, low-fat meals.
Exercise to lose 5% to 7% of your body weight. Your routine should include at least 5 half-hour aerobic sessions (such as a brisk walk) and a few bouts of strength training (such as lifting light weights) each week.
People who still have high blood sugar levels after changing their diet and exercise habits may need diabetes medicines to bring them down. But for most people, lifestyle changes can prevent diabetes if you start making them early.
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