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Kelly Pritchett, PhD, RD, spokeswoman, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; assistant professor, sports nutrition, Central Washington University.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: “Timing Your Pre- and Post-Workout Nutrition.”
American Heart Association: “Food as Fuel -- Before, During, and After Your Workouts.”
Mayo Clinic: “Eating and Exercise: 5 Tips to Maximize Your Workouts.”
USDA Nutrient Database.
Mattes, R. Journal of Nutrition, September 2008.
Barr, S. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, April 1999.
Woo, B. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, June 2012.
Hurley, C. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, November 2013.
Fernandez-Elias, V. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, February 2015.
Nieman, D. PLOS One, May 2012.
Pritchett, K. Medicine & Science in Sports & Medicine, October 2015.
Karp, J. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, February 2006.
McLeay, Y. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, May 2012.
National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements: “Vitamin A.”
Reviewed by Christine Mikstas, RD, LD on July 18, 2019
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