Eating Fruit High in Vitamin C May Help Children With Asthma
April 20, 2000 -- Children who eat fruit high in vitamin C may experience
less wheezing and asthma, say the authors of a large study published in the
medical journal Thorax. But other experts say parents might not want to
go running to the fruit stand just yet.
Earlier studies have suggested that eating fresh fruit containing vitamin C
is associated with improved lung function in both adults and children.
Researchers believe that properties of vitamin C protect against inflammation
in the lungs of people with asthma. But the theories about vitamin C's effect
on asthma remain controversial, and many of these studies have been done only
To determine if vitamin C-rich fruit affects asthma symptoms in children,
Italian researchers studied more than 18,000 children, 6 to 7 years old, in
northern and central Italy. The researchers were led by Francesco Forastiere of
the department of epidemiology, Regional Health Authority, Lazio, Rome.
The parents of these children were asked to complete questionnaires about
their lifestyles, living conditions, and dietary habits, as well as the
children's susceptibility to asthma and wheezing. The children were ranked by
how frequently they ate citrus (oranges, tangerines, grapefruit) and kiwi
fruit: less than once a week, 1-2 times per week, 3-4 times per week, or 5-7
times per week.
After accounting for factors such as household crowding, the parents'
smoking habits, and dampness or mold in the child's bedroom, the researchers
found that eating citrus or kiwi fruit was "a highly significant protective
factor for wheeze."
In an one-year follow-up study of more than 4,000 of the children,
researchers still found that eating fruit was associated with a lower
occurrence of most asthma symptoms. They found this protective effect against
wheezing even in children who ate fresh fruit only one or two times a week.
"This study is catchy but I think we need to look more closely at these
data," pediatric allergist Michael Ruff, MD, tells WebMD. He questions the
fact that it was a study based on questionnaires, and therefore the results are
based on parents' observations. He also says that with so many factors
affecting asthma symptoms, such as parental smoking, colds, and allergies to
pets, "it is difficult to determine the contribution of just one." Ruff
is an associate clinical professor in the allergy division at the University of
Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.
Jonathan Spergel, MD, who also reviewed the study for WebMD, agrees that the
findings are "far from conclusive. Maybe there's something there, but I
need a lot more evidence before I put every patient on vitamin C." Spergel
is medical director of the Asthma Center at the Children's Hospital of
Until further studies are done, Ruff recommends that children with asthma
continue their current treatment plans. "I think vitamin C is good for
kids; I think fruit is good for kids," he says. "But I'm not sure it's
going to put me out of business."
- According to a recent study, children who consume fruit high in vitamin C
experience fewer symptoms of asthma.
- Researchers found that children had less wheezing even when they ate fresh
fruit only once or twice a week.
- Experts caution parents that many factors contribute to asthma, and the
significance of vitamin C is difficult to establish.