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Crohn's Disease Health Center

Crohn’s Disease: Staying at a Healthy Weight

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What to Eat During a Crohn's Flare

As a general rule, the best foods to stick to during flares are bland, low fiber, and low fat. Some foods that may fit the bill are:

  • Bananas
  • White bread and white rice
  • Applesauce
  • Smooth peanut butter
  • Skinned potatoes
  • Steamed or broiled fish, such as salmon and halibut
  • Cheese, if you're not lactose intolerant
  • Refined pasta
  • Cooked vegetables
  • Cooked eggs or egg substitutes

Foods to Avoid During a Flare

Some foods can be hard to digest and may make the situation worse. You may want to avoid:   

  • High-fiber foods
  • Fried foods
  • Full-fat dairy products, such as whole milk, half and half, and ice cream
  • Raw vegetables and fruits
  • Foods and drinks with caffeine, including chocolate and coffee
  • Beans
  • Cabbage
  • Carbonated beverages
  • Cakes, cookies, and other sweet foods

Getting Enough Nutrients

Crohn's makes it harder for your body to absorb vitamins and minerals such as:

  • Vitamin B12
  • Folate
  • Calcium
  • Vitamin D
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Magnesium 

You'll get regular blood tests to check that you're getting the nutrients you need. If you're falling short, you and your doctor will come up with a plan. For instance, if you're low on vitamin B12, your doctor may recommend a supplement or B12 shots, depending on your condition.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on September 15, 2013
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