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Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Medications

    Read about medications for multiple sclerosis (MS).

  2. Multiple Sclerosis: Benefits of Exercise - Topic Overview

    Exercise is an important part of home treatment for people who have multiple sclerosis (MS). It has benefits in both early and advanced stages of the disease. Regular exercise can help you: Maintain muscle strength and improve coordination.Maintain and increase endurance.Improve flexibility and range of limb motion.Improve cardiovascular fitness. Prevent pressure sores.Control weight.Reduce the likelihood of becoming constipated.Exercise can also promote a sense of well-being and improve your mood.A physical therapist can help you learn exercises and stretches to do at home to improve posture, strength, flexibility, and endurance. A physical or occupational therapist can also help you to:Plan more efficient movements for daily living activities (such as bathing and dressing) so that these activities are easier and less tiring. Improve balance and walking. Use walking aids (such as canes or walkers) correctly.There are also seated exercises for the person who cannot walk but can move

  3. Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy - Topic Overview

    Most people who are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) are women in their child-bearing years. Questions about whether MS affects getting pregnant or about labor and delivery are common. Here are some answers:Most couples in which one partner has MS are able to have children without MS affecting the pregnancy, labor, or delivery. MS does not increase the risk of miscarriage or birth defects.Some women have fewer MS symptoms during pregnancy, then a temporary relapse after delivery. But pregnancy, delivering a baby, and early motherhood do not increase the risk of being disabled by MS over time.1There is some evidence that pregnancy may actually help delay disability long-term in women who have MS.2Plan aheadIf you have MS, and you want to have children, talk with your doctor. Some things to think about and plan for include:Some medicines used to treat MS should not be used during pregnancy. If you are taking medicine for MS, use reliable birth control until you decide to try to

  4. Multiple Sclerosis Progression - Topic Overview

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects different people in different ways. For people who have only mild symptoms from time to time,the disease may not have much impact on their everyday lives. People with more severe MS have frequently recurring or ongoing symptoms and may become disabled within a few years. Most people with MS are between these extremes. For them,MS involves a series of attacks ...

  5. Multiple Sclerosis: Total Lymphoid Irradiation - Topic Overview

    Total lymphoid irradiation uses radiation to limit the production of white blood cells (lymphocytes). These cells help the body's immune system destroy foreign cells and fight infection. The treatment was first developed to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer.In theory, total lymphoid irradiation may help prevent progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) by limiting the production of lymphocytes and thus limiting the activity of the immune system. The results of studies done so far have failed to show any benefit.Total lymphoid irradiation remains an experimental treatment for MS. The treatment may be toxic and potentially dangerous and typically is not recommended.Side effects of this treatment may include:Absence of menstrual periods in women.Nausea.Fatigue.Depression.Minor bone fractures.Impaired immune system.

  6. Multiple Sclerosis: MRI Results - Topic Overview

    An MRI scan is the best way to locate multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions (also called plaques) in the brain or spinal cord. An MRI scan shows multiple brain lesions in more than 90% of people who have MS. 1 But abnormal MRI results do not always mean that you have MS. Abnormalities show up on scans from many illnesses other than MS. An abnormal finding on an MRI scan alone is not enough to ...

  7. Multiple Sclerosis: Treating Sexual Problems With Medicines - Topic Overview

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause sexual problems that may be helped by medication. Men may have difficulty achieving or sustaining an erection,and women may have problems with lubrication. Both men and women may have a low sex drive. Sildenafil (Viagra) has been reported to improve sexual problems for men and women who have MS. 1 Other medications that may improve erectile dysfunction ...

  8. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Cause

    The cause of multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. Because a person's risk of MS is slightly higher when a relative (especially a parent, sister, or brother) has MS, there may be a genetic link.

  9. Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Muscle Stiffness and Tremors - Topic Overview

    Spasticity Several medicines may be used to treat muscle stiffness ( spasticity ) caused by multiple sclerosis (MS). Baclofen (Lioresal) is the drug of choice for spasticity. It is available in tablets or by delivery through a pump implanted in the lower spinal area. Pump delivery is effective for those with severe spasticity. Tizanidine (Zanaflex) is a drug similar to baclofen. It is ...

  10. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Home Treatment

    If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), it is important to find ways of coping with the practical and emotional demands of the disease. These are different for everyone, so home treatment varies from person to person. Home treatment may involve making it eas

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