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Multiple Sclerosis Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Multiple Sclerosis

  1. Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy - Topic Overview

    Most people who are diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) are women in their child-bearing years. Questions about whether MS affects getting pregnant or about labor and delivery are common. Here are some answers:Most couples in which one partner has MS are able to have children without MS affecting the pregnancy, labor, or delivery. MS does not increase the risk of miscarriage or birth defects.Some women have fewer MS symptoms during pregnancy, then a temporary relapse after delivery. But pregnancy, delivering a baby, and early motherhood do not increase the risk of being disabled by MS over time.1There is some evidence that pregnancy may actually help delay disability long-term in women who have MS.2Plan aheadIf you have MS, and you want to have children, talk with your doctor. Some things to think about and plan for include:Some medicines used to treat MS should not be used during pregnancy. If you are taking medicine for MS, use reliable birth control until you decide to try to

  2. Types of Multiple Sclerosis - Topic Overview

    Generally,multiple sclerosis (MS) follows one of four courses: Relapsing-remitting,where you have alternating periods of active disease when symptoms flare up and periods when symptoms fade. This cycle can occur for many years. The disease does not advance during the remissions. Secondary progressive,where active symptoms of MS become steadily progressive,with ongoing damage to the ...

  3. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - What Increases Your Risk

    Your risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) increases with: Geographic location, or where you lived during childhood (up to age 15). People who spend the first 15 years of their lives in colder climates that are further away from the equator tend to b

  4. Multiple Sclerosis: Medicines for Fatigue - Topic Overview

    Medications used to treat fatigue caused by multiple sclerosis (MS) include: Amantadine (Symmetrel). This medication generally has few side effects. When they do occur,they may include dry mouth,blurred vision,urinary retention,fluid retention,and rash. Fluoxetine (Prozac). This antidepressant may help reduce fatigue in some people with MS. ...

  5. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Topic Overview

    Information on multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurological disease that involves the central nervous system-specifically the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.

  6. Multiple Sclerosis: Questions About What to Expect - Topic Overview

    Finding out that you have multiple sclerosis (MS) can be frightening. Even if you know a lot about MS,it is hard to predict how the disease will affect you. Some questions you might ask include the following: Will I have to use a wheelchair? MS affects how nerves in your brain and spinal cord communicate with each other. If your MS attacks the nerves that control your muscles (especially in ...

  7. Multiple Sclerosis: Total Lymphoid Irradiation - Topic Overview

    Total lymphoid irradiation uses radiation to limit the production of white blood cells (lymphocytes). These cells help the body's immune system destroy foreign cells and fight infection. The treatment was first developed to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer.In theory, total lymphoid irradiation may help prevent progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) by limiting the production of lymphocytes and thus limiting the activity of the immune system. The results of studies done so far have failed to show any benefit.Total lymphoid irradiation remains an experimental treatment for MS. The treatment may be toxic and potentially dangerous and typically is not recommended.Side effects of this treatment may include:Absence of menstrual periods in women.Nausea.Fatigue.Depression.Minor bone fractures.Impaired immune system.

  8. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - Home Treatment

    If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), it is important to find ways of coping with the practical and emotional demands of the disease. These are different for everyone, so home treatment varies from person to person. Home treatment may involve making it eas

  9. Multiple Sclerosis Progression - Topic Overview

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects different people in different ways. For people who have only mild symptoms from time to time,the disease may not have much impact on their everyday lives. People with more severe MS have frequently recurring or ongoing symptoms and may become disabled within a few years. Most people with MS are between these extremes. For them,MS involves a series of attacks ...

  10. Multiple Sclerosis: Urinary Tract Tests - Topic Overview

    Bladder and urination problems are common in people who have multiple sclerosis (MS). When a new problem develops,tests may be done to make sure that a condition other than MS is not causing the problem and to decide on the best treatment. The following are tests commonly used to evaluate problems with the urinary tract: Urinalysis or urine culture Measurement of urine retained after normal ...

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