Type 2 Diabetes - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Diabetes: Should I Get an Insulin Pump? Obesity: Should I Have Weight-Loss Surgery? Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Depression: Using Positive Thinking ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about type 2 diabetes:What is type 2 diabetes?What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?What causes type 2 diabetes?What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?Who is at risk for type 2 diabetes?How does the body use nutrients in food to control blood sugar?Who is affected by type 2 diabetes?Am I at risk for type 2 diabetes?Being diagnosed:When should I call a doctor?What ...
Type 2 Diabetes - Medications
Some people with type 2 diabetes need medicine to help their bodies make more insulin, to decrease insulin resistance, or to slow down how quickly their body absorbs carbohydrate.You may take no medicine, one medicine, or a few medicines. Some people need medicine for short periods of time, while others always need to take medicine. How much medicine you need depends on how well you can keep your
Type 2 Diabetes - Exams and Tests
If your doctor thinks that you may have diabetes, he or she will order a couple of blood glucose tests. Blood glucose tests are blood tests that measure how much sugar is in your blood. Usually, they are done first thing in the morning, before you eat or drink anything. Sometimes, a glucose tolerance test is also done; however, the American Diabetes Association does not recommend this test ...
Diabetic Nephropathy - Health Tools
Use these diabetic nephropathy health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Diabetic Nephropathy - Exams and Tests
Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed using tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine, which is an indicator of kidney damage.
Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy
Talk to your doctor if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning to get pregnant, to make sure that both you and your baby are healthy.
Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview
The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack
Type 2 Diabetes - Cause
You can develop type 2 diabetes if:Your body does not respond properly to insulin, making it difficult for your cells to get sugar from the blood to make energy. This is called insulin resistance.Your pancreas does not make enough insulin. Your weight, how much physical activity you get, and your family history all affect the way your body responds to insulin. If you are overweight, get little or
Diabetes: Lower Your Heart Disease Risk - Topic Overview
It's true—diabetes raises your risk of heart disease. That means your risks of heart attack and stroke are higher when you have diabetes. Diabetes is plenty to keep up with as it is. That explains why dealing with both heart risk and diabetes can seem like too much all at once. But it's also true that good heart-health care has a lot in common with good diabetes care. Most healthy choices that help control your diabetes also help your heart.Add a few heart-healthy habits, and you'll lower your heart disease risk.How are heart disease and diabetes connected?When you have diabetes, there are times when you have a higher-than-normal level of sugar in your blood. High blood sugar can damage the walls of your arteries. This damage can lead to plaque buildup in your arteries. The plaque buildup can narrow and even block your arteries. Your risk of having heart disease is even higher if you have:High blood pressure, which pushes blood through the arteries with too much force. Over time,