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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for Pregnancy

    Talk to your doctor if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning to get pregnant, to make sure that both you and your baby are healthy.

  2. Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview

    The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack

  3. Type 2 Diabetes - Cause

    You can develop type 2 diabetes if:Your body does not respond properly to insulin, making it difficult for your cells to get sugar from the blood to make energy. This is called insulin resistance.Your pancreas does not make enough insulin. Your weight, how much physical activity you get, and your family history all affect the way your body responds to insulin. If you are overweight, get little or

  4. Diabetes: Lower Your Heart Disease Risk - Topic Overview

    It's true—diabetes raises your risk of heart disease. That means your risks of heart attack and stroke are higher when you have diabetes. Diabetes is plenty to keep up with as it is. That explains why dealing with both heart risk and diabetes can seem like too much all at once. But it's also true that good heart-health care has a lot in common with good diabetes care. Most healthy choices that help control your diabetes also help your heart.Add a few heart-healthy habits, and you'll lower your heart disease risk.How are heart disease and diabetes connected?When you have diabetes, there are times when you have a higher-than-normal level of sugar in your blood. High blood sugar can damage the walls of your arteries. This damage can lead to plaque buildup in your arteries. The plaque buildup can narrow and even block your arteries. Your risk of having heart disease is even higher if you have:High blood pressure, which pushes blood through the arteries with too much force. Over time,

  5. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - What Happens

    information on low blood sugar and high blood sugar in children with type 1 diabetes.

  6. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Cause

    Type 1 diabetes develops when your child's pancreas stops producing enough insulin.

  7. Type 1 Diabetes - Other Treatment

    People who have type 1 diabetes need to avoid products that promise a 'cure.' None exists. They also need to avoid products for diabetes that are advertised by testimonials without a sound medical basis.

  8. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Cause

    The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is not known. However, experts believe the disease develops in children the same way it does in adults: The body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, or it cannot use the insulin available (insulin resistance)

  9. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Topic Overview

    This topic provides information about type 2 diabetes in children.

  10. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Medications

    Insulin is the only medication that can treat type 1 diabetes.

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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