Diabetes: Preparing for Pregnancy - Topic Overview
If you are a woman with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who is planning to become pregnant, meet with your doctor. Your doctor will want to talk to you about your A1c goal, your medicine for diabetes, your weight, and getting enough folic acid. Your doctor will want to make sure that you are up to date with immunizations. And you'll want to have your cholesterol, thyroid, eyes, and blood pressure checked to see if you need treatment changes. Your diabetes puts your developing baby at risk for birth defects. This is especially true if you don't keep your blood sugar in a target range during the early part of pregnancy. And during pregnancy, your high blood sugar can cause your baby to be very large. This will make delivery hard for both of you. After delivery, your baby is more likely to have jaundice. High blood sugar during your pregnancy causes your baby to make extra insulin. After delivery, your baby may continue to make too much insulin and be at risk for low blood sugar. Many women
Diabetic Neuropathy - Treatment Overview
There is currently no cure for diabetic neuropathy. Once it has developed, treatment focuses on preventing the condition from worsening by consistently keeping your blood sugar levels tightly controlled within a narrow target range.
Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy
Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..
Teens With Diabetes: Issues for Parents - Topic Overview
The teen years may be the most difficult time for a young person with diabetes and his or her parents. The normal cycle of rapid growth spurts and periods of slow growth along with the normal teenager behaviors of going to bed late, sleeping late, and eating meals at varying times makes it hard to keep a teenager's blood sugar level consistently within his or her target range. Eating fast foods often also makes following a balanced diet and weight management difficult for a teen.Your teenager may be very mature and assume appropriate responsibility for his or her diabetes care. If so, your job as a parent of providing appropriate supervision will be relatively easy. On the other hand, teenager rebellion is normal. Your teen who has diabetes may rebel by lashing out at you for the ups and downs of the disease. Try to be empathetic, and imagine the feelings of fear, sadness, anger, and even guilt your teen may be feeling. Your teenager with diabetes may rebel by:Skipping insulin doses
A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Glucose comes from carbohydrate foods.
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) - Topic Overview
Glomerular filtration is the process by which the kidneys filter the blood,removing excess wastes and fluids. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a calculation that determines how well the blood is filtered by the kidneys,which is one way to measure remaining kidney function. Glomerular filtration rate is usually calculated using a mathematical formula that compares a person's size,age,sex,...
Prediabetes - When to Call a Doctor
The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..
Diabetes and Alcohol - Topic Overview
How does alcohol affect diabetes? When you have diabetes,you need to be careful with alcohol. If you take insulin or pills for diabetes,drinking alcohol may cause low blood sugar. Too much alcohol can also affect your ability to know when your blood sugar is low and to treat it. Drinking alcohol can make you feel lightheaded at first and drowsy as you drink more,both of which may be ...
Non-Diabetes Medicines That May Raise Blood Sugar - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Preventing High Blood Sugar Emergencies
Non-Diabetes Medicines That May Lower Blood Sugar - Topic Overview
Some medicines for other conditions can lower your blood sugar level or can interfere with whether you develop symptoms of low blood sugar. This is a concern when you have diabetes. Talk with your doctor before taking any new medicine. Medicines that can lower your blood sugar level include: Medicines to reduce fever and relieve pain,such as salicylate medicines like aspirin. Medicines to ...