Prediabetes - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about prediabetes:What is prediabetes?What causes prediabetes?Can I prevent prediabetes?What are the symptoms of prediabetes?What happens in prediabetes?What increases my risk for prediabetes?Being diagnosed:How is prediabetes diagnosed?Who can diagnose prediabetes?Getting treatment:How is prediabetes treated?What are the goals of treatment?Will I need medication?What other forms of ...
Prediabetes: Exercise Tips - Topic Overview
If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes,you have an opportunity to prevent the progression of this condition to full-blown type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that by getting regular exercise,changing your diet,and losing weight,you can play a key role in preventing diabetes. Any type of physical activity may be beneficial,such as: 1 Sports or other types of exercise,such as walking,...
Prediabetes - Topic Overview
What is prediabetes?Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. It is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes have prediabetes first. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body does not make enough of the hormone insulin or does not respond to it properly. Over time, ...
Diabetes: Steps for Foot-Washing - Topic Overview
Because you have diabetes,you need to wash your feet carefully each day. Post this list of proper foot-washing steps in your bathroom. Wash and dry your feet Use warm (not hot) water. Check the water temperature with your wrists,not your feet. You can soak your feet for about 10 minutes if you want to. Wash all areas of your feet,especially the underside of your toes and between them. ...
Diabetes: Roles on Your Care Team - Topic Overview
Your primary care doctor (usually an internist or a family medicine doctor) is responsible for the day-to-day medical management of your diabetes. He or she also may coordinate your diabetes care. Or a nurse practitioner, nurse educator, or physician assistant may coordinate your care.Your health professional will help you find the right oral medicine and possibly insulin to regulate your blood sugar (glucose) level. He or she also will help you adjust medicines as your diabetes changes. For this reason, it is very important that you notify your health professional if your symptoms change. Most primary care doctors are excellent at managing diabetes. But if your symptoms get worse or if you have complications, you may need to see a specialist—a doctor who has additional training in a particular field. You should see some specialists, such as an ophthalmologist and podiatrist, regularly. These specialists provide care to prevent eye and foot complications from diabetes. Other
Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) in People Without Diabetes - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about hypoglycemia: What is hypoglycemia? How does the body control blood sugar? What are some common causes of low blood sugar? What medicines can cause low blood sugar? Being diagnosed: How is a glucose test done? Getting treatment: What is the emergency treatment for low blood sugar? What are quick-sugar foods? ...
Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy
Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..
Non-Diabetes Medicines That May Lower Blood Sugar - Topic Overview
Some medicines for other conditions can lower your blood sugar level or can interfere with whether you develop symptoms of low blood sugar. This is a concern when you have diabetes. Talk with your doctor before taking any new medicine. Medicines that can lower your blood sugar level include: Medicines to reduce fever and relieve pain,such as salicylate medicines like aspirin. Medicines to ...
Insulin: Reusing Syringes and Lancets Safely - Health Tools
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Giving Yourself an Insulin Shot
What Is A1c? - Topic Overview
Hemoglobin A1c is a test that indicates the average level of blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. People with diabetes need to have this test done regularly to see whether their blood sugar levels have been staying within a target range. Blood for a hemoglobin A1c test can be collected at home or at your doctor's office. Home testing may not be an option for everyone. Check with your ...