Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood; however, the number of children being diagnosed with the disease is rising. Children with type 2 diabetes are usually diagnosed during the early teen years.
The major risk factors for type 2 diabetes in children include: Being overweight. 85% of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or above for their age and sex.
Your child needs to eat healthy meals with appropriate portions to support growth and prevent weight gain. The meal plan for your child will also spread carbohydrate throughout the day to prevent high blood sugar after meals.
The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is not known. However, experts believe the disease develops in children the same way it does in adults: The body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, or it cannot use the insulin available (insulin resistance)
If your child has not been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: Call a health professional if: Your child has one or more of the common symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, and slight weight loss.
A home blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood at the time of testing. The test can be done at home or anywhere, using a small portable machine called a blood glucose meter.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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