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    Diabetes Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

    1. Macrovascular Diabetes Complications - Topic Overview

      Sometimes complications develop even when risk factors such as blood sugar level and blood pressure have been controlled. But following your treatment to control your blood sugar levels is still an important part of your treatment.The most common serious complications from diabetes are coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and foot disease. All diabetes complications can require specialized medical treatment depending on their severity. Some of these conditions, such as CAD, may be adequately managed by your primary care doctor. If the disease progresses, you may need to see a specialist.Symptoms of diabetes complications can develop when you have prediabetes, diabetes that has not been diagnosed early, and even diabetes that has been treated. Complications of diabetes and symptoms of serious problemsComplication of diabetesConsequencesSymptomsSmall blood vessel (microvascular) diseases Weakening of small blood vessels called capillaries causes blood to

    2. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

      Travel can make it hard to keep your blood sugar within your target range because of changes in time zones,meal schedules,and types of foods available. Check your blood sugar level more often during your time away from home. Whenever you need to see a doctor away from home,let him or her know you have diabetes. And always wear medical identification. In an emergency,medical identification ...

    3. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar

    4. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

      The bloodstream carries glucose-a type of sugar produced from the digestion of carbohydrates and other foods-to provide energy to cells throughout the body. Unused glucose is stored mainly in the liver as glycogen. Insulin,glucagon and other hormone levels rise and fall to keep blood sugar in a normal range. Too little or too much of these hormones can cause blood sugar levels to fall too ...

    5. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Stress Management: Helping Your Child With StressStress Management: Relaxing Your Mind and Body

    6. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

      Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Giving Yourself an Insulin Shot

    7. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      When you have diabetes, you need to examine your feet every day. Look at all areas of your feet, including your toes. Use a handheld mirror or a magnifying mirror attached to the bathroom wall near the baseboard to inspect your feet. If you can't see well, have someone else use this checklist to examine your feet for you. Using this checklist helps you remember to examine all areas of your feet.Checklist for daily foot exams Check your feet for: What to do if you notice a problemSkin color:RedBlue or blackRedness could point to irritation from shoes or overheating or other early signs of a problem. Do what you can to discover the cause and fix it, such as wearing shoes that fit better.Blue or black areas can mean bruising or blood flow problems. Call your doctor to report them.Patches where hair is missingBald patches may mean irritation from shoes or a blood flow problem. Show the areas to your doctor during your next visit.BlisterTry to discover the cause of the blister. Friction or

    8. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Cause

      Prediabetes occurs when the body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin and therefore cannot keep blood glucose (sugar) levels within a normal range. Blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. The food you eat turns into blood glucose, or sugar. The bloodstream transports glucose to all the cells in your body to be used for energy. Normally, the pancreas ...

    9. Diabetic Retinopathy - Topic Overview

      Over time,high blood sugar levels from diabetes lead to damage of the retina,the layer on the back of the eye that captures images and sends them as nerve signals to the brain. Whether diabetic retinopathy develops depends in part on how high blood sugar levels have been and how long they have been above a target range. Other things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy include ...

    10. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

      Sugar (glucose) normally is not found in urine. However,when blood sugar levels rise well above a target range-which occurs in diabetes -the kidneys often release some of the excess sugar from the blood into the urine. In pregnant women,the kidneys sometimes release sugar into the urine even when blood sugar levels are within a safe range. You can test urine for sugar by using plastic strips ...

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