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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Prediabetes: Exercise Tips - Topic Overview

    If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes,you have an opportunity to prevent the progression of this condition to full-blown type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that by getting regular exercise,changing your diet,and losing weight,you can play a key role in preventing diabetes. Any type of physical activity may be beneficial,such as: 1 Sports or other types of exercise,such as walking,...

  2. Prediabetes - When to Call a Doctor

    The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..

  3. Tests for Ketones - Topic Overview

    Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy. Normally, your body gets the energy it needs from glucose (sugar). If your body cannot use glucose for energy—for example, if your body doesn't make or use insulin—ketones are formed. You might also have ketones if you are not eating enough carbohydrates and your body uses fat for energy instead. Your body wants to get rid of ketones through urine. Ketones in urine is most common in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is an early sign that there is not enough insulin, and blood sugar may be dangerously high. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a very serious medical problem.You can test your urine for ketones at home using specially prepared tablets or plastic strips.Collect a urine sample in a clean container.Follow the manufacturer's directions on the bottle of test strips or tablets.If either the test strip or the urine changes color when the tablet is dropped into the sample, ketones are

  4. Meglitinides for Type 2 Diabetes

    Drug details for Meglitinides for type 2 diabetes.

  5. Diabetic Neuropathy - Treatment Overview

    There is currently no cure for diabetic neuropathy. Once it has developed, treatment focuses on preventing the condition from worsening by consistently keeping your blood sugar levels tightly controlled within a narrow target range.

  6. Diabetes: Checking Your Feet - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Taking Care of Your Feet

  7. Blood Glucose

    A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Glucose comes from carbohydrate foods.

  8. Type 1 Diabetes: Medical History and Physical Exam - Topic Overview

    If your doctor thinks that you might have type 1 diabetes, he or she may ask questions about your symptoms, family history of the disease, and personal medical history. Questions for the medical history may include the following:Have you had increased thirst, increased urination, and fatigue?How long have the symptoms been present?Have you had an increase in appetite?Have you lost weight lately?Is there a family history of diabetes?What other medical conditions do you have?What medications are you are currently taking?Have you been ill recently?Has growth and development progressed normally (if the person is a child)?Your doctor will also give you a complete physical exam. You will continue having exams on a regular basis if you are diagnosed with this disease. The physical exam includes: Measuring your height and weight. Children and teens will have their height and weight compared to standards that are normal for their age groups. Checking your blood pressure. For adults, blood

  9. Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) in People Without Diabetes - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about hypoglycemia: What is hypoglycemia? How does the body control blood sugar? What are some common causes of low blood sugar? What medicines can cause low blood sugar? Being diagnosed: How is a glucose test done? Getting treatment: What is the emergency treatment for low blood sugar? What are quick-sugar foods? ...

  10. Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar

    Low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood of a person with diabetes drops below what the body needs to function normally. Taking too much insulin, not eating enough food or skipping meals, or exercising more than usual can cause blood sugar levels to drop rapidly.If your child's blood sugar level drops very low and he or she does not get help, ..

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