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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes Guide - Cause

    During pregnancy, an organ called the placenta develops in the uterus. The placenta connects the mother and baby and makes sure the baby has enough food and water. It also makes several hormones. Some of these hormones make it hard for insulin to do its job-controlling blood sugar-so the mother's body has to make more insulin to work well. Gestational diabetes develops when the organ that makes ..

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy - Treatment Overview

    There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. However, laser treatment (photocoagulation) is usually very effective at preventing vision loss if it is done before the retina has been severely damaged.

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - Exams and Tests

    Diabetic retinopathy can be detected during an exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. An exam by your primary doctor, during which your eyes are not dilated, is not an adequate substitute for a full exam done by an ophthalmologist. Eye exams for peopl

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Surgery

    Surgical removal of the vitreous gel (vitrectomy) is one of only two effective treatments for diabetic retinopathy. Laser treatment is the other.

  5. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

    An interactive health tool related to type 1 diabetes in children.

  6. Diabetic Retinopathy - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and notice floaters in your field of vision. Floaters often appear as dark specks, globs, strings, or dots. A sudden shower of floaters may be a sign of a retinal detachment, which is a serious complicatic

  7. Diabetic Nephropathy - Topic Overview

    Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes that is caused by uncontrolled high blood sugar.

  8. Diabetes Guide - Symptoms

    Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few days to weeks, and are caused by blood sugar levels rising above the normal range (hyperglycemia).

  9. Diabetic Nephropathy - Symptoms

    There are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic nephropathy. The only sign of kidney damage may be small amounts of protein leaking into the urine (microalbuminuria).

  10. Diabetes Guide - Symptoms

    Many women are surprised to learn they have gestational diabetes because they have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms from gestational diabetes, they may include:Increased thirst.Increased urination.Increased hunger.Blurred vision.Pregnancy causes most women to have to urinate more often and to feel more hungry, so having these symptoms does not always mean that a woman has gestational ...

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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