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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Nephropathy - Exams and Tests

    Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed using tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine, which is an indicator of kidney damage.

  2. Type 1 Diabetes - When To Call a Doctor

    Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if: A person is losing consciousness or becomes unconscious and you notice that his or her breath has a fruity odor. He or she may have the life - threatening chemical imbalance diabetic ketoacidosis.

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and notice floaters in your field of vision. Floaters often appear as dark specks, globs, strings, or dots. A sudden shower of floaters may be a sign of a retinal detachment, which is a serious complicatic

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Symptoms

    You may have diabetic retinopathy for a long time without noticing any symptoms. Typically, retinopathy does not cause noticeable symptoms until significant damage has occurred and complications have developed.

  5. Type 1 Diabetes - Home Treatment

    People who have type 1 diabetes need to work closely with their health professional to find the right balance of diet, insulin, and exercise to keep their blood sugar levels within a target range.

  6. Diabetes Guide - Exams and Tests

    Almost all women are tested for gestational diabetes between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. If your doctor thinks you are at increased risk for developing gestational diabetes, you may be tested earlier.Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a two - part test called an oral glucose tolerance test. In the first part, your blood sugar is tested 1 hour after you drink a small cup of a sweet ..

  7. Diabetes: Tests to Watch for Complications - Topic Overview

    The table below summarizes the tests that can be done to identify complications from type 2 diabetes, including those tests done during a physical exam. The physical exam evaluates your overall health. The doctor pays special attention to your eyes, blood vessels, heart, lungs, nerves, abdomen, and feet. Tests range from taking your blood pressure to drawing blood to test your cholesterol or kidney function.Complications from diabetes and the tests used to detect them1Organ or conditionTestWhat it showsTarget levelHigh blood sugarEvery 3 to 6 months, have a hemoglobin A1c test.How steady your blood sugar levels have been over time Less than 7% for most nonpregnant adultsLess than 7.5% for teens 13 to 19 years oldLess than 8% for children 6 to 12 years oldLess than 8.5% for children younger than 6 years of ageHigh cholesterolEvery year, get your LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked.The amount of fat in your blood, which can raise your risk of heart attack

  8. Type 1 Diabetes - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar Diabetes: Coping With Your Feelings About Your Diet Diabetes: Counting Carbs if You Use Insulin Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Insulin Diabetes: Giving Yourself an Insulin Shot Diabetes: Living With an Insulin Pump Diabetes: Preventing High Blood Sugar Emergencies Diabetes: Taking Care of Your Feet Diabetes: Using a Plate Format to Plan Meals Pregnancy and Diabetes: Planning for PregnancyInteractive tools are designed to help people determine health risks, ideal weight, target heart rate, and more. Interactive Tool: Are You Depressed?

  9. Diabetic Retinopathy - Health Tools

    This health tool will help you make wise health decisions or take action regarding retinopathy.

  10. Diabetes Guide - Symptoms

    Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few days to weeks, and are caused by blood sugar levels rising above the normal range (hyperglycemia).

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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