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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. How Diabetes Causes Blindness - Topic Overview

    Over time,high blood sugar levels from diabetes lead to damage of the retina,the layer on the back of the eye that captures images and sends them as nerve signals to the brain. Whether diabetic retinopathy develops depends in part on how high blood sugar levels have been and how long they have been above a target range. Other things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy include ...

  2. 6 Strategies for Controlling Diabetes

    You've just been diagnosed with diabetes. Now what? Learn more about managing the disease so that you can live a long, healthy life.

  3. Blood Glucose

    A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Glucose comes from carbohydrate foods.

  4. Glycohemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c)

    Glycohemoglobin is a blood test that measures the amount of sugar (glucose) bound to hemoglobin. Normally, only a small percentage of hemoglobin in the blood (4% to 6%) has glucose bound to it.

  5. Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Topic Overview

    When you have diabetes, you may experience high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) from time to time. A cold, the flu, or other sudden illness can cause high blood sugar levels.

  6. Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Health Tools

    Use these diabetes-related health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.

  7. Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar

    Low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood of a person with diabetes drops below what the body needs to function normally. Taking too much insulin, not eating enough food or skipping meals, or exercising more than usual can cause blood sugar levels to drop rapidly.If your child's blood sugar level drops very low and he or she does not get help, ..

  8. Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Home Treatment

    When you have diabetes, whether it is type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes, one of the most important skills you will learn is how to manage your blood sugar level.

  9. Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Preparing For Your Appointment

    A list of questions that will help your health care professional diagnose and treat Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood-Sugar Levels.

  10. Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Levels - Prevention

    Although high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) have very different symptoms and treatments, they are both caused by blood sugar and insulin imbalances.

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Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

Check Your Blood Sugar Level Now
What type of diabetes do you have?
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Answer:
Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
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