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    Diabetes Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

    1. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

      A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes can be difficult to deal with at any age,but it can be particularly hard for a child. Children face special emotional and physical challenges in dealing with their disease. Your child will probably experience a wide range of emotions,which may change from minute to minute. Be sure you are as supportive as possible as your child learns how to manage the disease ...

    2. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      Young children with type 1 diabetes aren't able to recognize when their blood sugar level is high or low and then tell an adult. And sometimes it's even hard for a parent to tell the difference.Some signs that may indicate high or low blood sugar in a very young child include:Irritability, anger, or crying.Paleness.Nervousness or trembling.Staring off or not responding when touched or spoken to.Dark urine with a strong sweet odor.Drowsiness or difficulty waking up.When you see changes in your child, do a home blood sugar test. It will show the actual blood sugar level, eliminating the guesswork.

    3. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Topic Overview

      If your feet require specially designed shoes, ask your insurance plan about covering the cost of the shoes. Medicare will cover foot exams and special (orthotic) shoes or shoe inserts. Some medical supply shops specialize in designing custom-fitted shoes for people with diabetes who have abnormally shaped feet or pressure sores on their feet.ShoesGood shoes should fit well. To ensure that your shoes fit well:Buy shoes in the evening when your feet are more likely to be swollen. This will give you a better fit throughout the day.Tell the store clerk that you have diabetes. (If the clerk doesn't know why that matters, find a store with a clerk who does know.)Look for shoes that have roomy toe boxes (the space around the toes). Shoes with roomy toe boxes (not pointed toes) will help prevent bunions and blisters.Try on shoes wearing the kind of socks you will usually wear with the shoes.Good shoes should be made of comfortable materials. Good shoes are made of materials that are flexible

    4. Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy

      Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..

    5. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Topic Overview

      What is prediabetes?Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. It is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes have prediabetes first. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body does not make enough of the hormone insulin or does not respond to it properly. Over time, ...

    6. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Prevention

      If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes, you can take steps to prevent this condition as well as the progression to full - blown type 2 diabetes. Keeping your blood sugar within the target range is the best way to prevent prediabetes. You can play a key role in controlling your blood sugar levels by:Losing weight if you are overweight. Studies have shown that losing just 5% to 10% of .

    7. Type 2 Diabetes in Children - Exams and Tests

      Your health professional will use a medical history, physical examination, and blood glucose testing to determine whether you have prediabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose testing is usually done after fasting overnight for 8 hours. In some cases, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be done. For an OGTT your blood sugar is measured after fasting and then ...

    8. Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Insulin

      Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs in people with diabetes when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood drops below what the body needs to function normally. Key pointsIf your blood sugar drops below 65 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), you most likely will have symptoms, such as feeling tired, weak, or shaky.If your blood sugar drops very low (usually below 20 mg/dL) and you do not get help, ..

    9. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Health Tools

      Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Using a plate format for people with diabetes ...

    10. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Exams and Tests

      Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed using tests that check for a protein called albumin in the urine, which is an indicator of kidney damage.

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