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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Prediabetes - What Happens

    Being diagnosed with prediabetes is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Each year about 4% to 9% of people with prediabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.2, 3 Although you may still be healthy, moderate and persistent elevated blood sugar levels greatly increase your risk for developing diabetes and heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. Compared to ...

  2. Diabetes Guide - Exams and Tests

    Your health professional will use a medical history, physical examination, and blood glucose testing to determine whether you have prediabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose testing is usually done after fasting overnight for 8 hours. In some cases, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be done. For an OGTT your blood sugar is measured after fasting and then ...

  3. Prediabetes - Medications

    Most people with prediabetes get better results by making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise, than with diabetes medication.5However, a health professional may prescribe a biguanide, usually metformin (Glucophage), because it can reduce insulin resistance-especially in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In some cases a health ...

  4. Type 2 Diabetes - When to Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor about type 2 diabetes if you:Are age 45 or older and you have never been tested for type 2 diabetes or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, and want to be tested.Have one or more of the common symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, unusual weight loss, or extreme ...

  5. Prediabetes - Prevention

    If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes, you can take steps to prevent this condition as well as the progression to full - blown type 2 diabetes. Keeping your blood sugar within the target range is the best way to prevent prediabetes. You can play a key role in controlling your blood sugar levels by:Losing weight if you are overweight. Studies have shown that losing just 5% to 10% of .

  6. Type 2 Diabetes - Exams and Tests

    If your doctor thinks that you may have diabetes, he or she will order a couple of blood glucose tests. Blood glucose tests are blood tests that measure how much sugar is in your blood. Usually, they are done first thing in the morning, before you eat or drink anything. Sometimes, a glucose tolerance test is also done; however, the American Diabetes Association does not recommend this test ...

  7. Type 2 Diabetes - Health Tools

    Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Diabetes: Should I Get an Insulin Pump? Obesity: Should I Have Weight-Loss Surgery? Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Depression: Using Positive Thinking ...

  8. Type 2 Diabetes - Treatment Overview

    It can be scary to learn that you, your child, a family member, or a friend has type 2 diabetes or is at risk for the disease. Many people are shocked when they find out that they have type 2 diabetes. Others are relieved to know what has been causing their symptoms. Although it is normal to feel angry or depressed about having a serious lifelong disease, it is important to remember that many ...

  9. Type 2 Diabetes - Surgery

    Surgery is not a treatment for type 2 diabetes. However, if you are very overweight and are considered a good candidate for surgery, gastrointestinal surgery can help you lose weight. This surgery has many risks, and doctors do not recommend it often. ...

  10. Type 2 Diabetes - Cause

    You can develop type 2 diabetes if:Your body does not respond properly to insulin, making it difficult for your cells to get sugar from the blood to make energy. This is called insulin resistance.Your pancreas does not make enough insulin. Your weight, how much physical activity you get, and your family history all affect the way your body responds to insulin. If you are overweight, get little or

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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