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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Type 2 Diabetes - Cause

    You can develop type 2 diabetes if:Your body does not respond properly to insulin, making it difficult for your cells to get sugar from the blood to make energy. This is called insulin resistance.Your pancreas does not make enough insulin. Your weight, how much physical activity you get, and your family history all affect the way your body responds to insulin. If you are overweight, get little or

  2. Type 2 Diabetes - Treatment Overview

    It can be scary to learn that you, your child, a family member, or a friend has type 2 diabetes or is at risk for the disease. Many people are shocked when they find out that they have type 2 diabetes. Others are relieved to know what has been causing their symptoms. Although it is normal to feel angry or depressed about having a serious lifelong disease, it is important to remember that many ...

  3. Prediabetes - When to Call a Doctor

    The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for prediabetes-which may lead to type 2 diabetes-if you:4Are 45 years of age or older-particularly if you are overweight- and you have never had your blood glucose (sugar) tested or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, overweight (body mass index [BMI] of 25 or greater), and have one or more other risk factors ..

  4. Type 2 Diabetes - When to Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor about type 2 diabetes if you:Are age 45 or older and you have never been tested for type 2 diabetes or you have not been tested in more than 3 years.Are younger than 45, are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, and want to be tested.Have one or more of the common symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, unusual weight loss, or extreme ...

  5. Type 2 Diabetes - Medications

    Some people with type 2 diabetes need medicine to help their bodies make more insulin, to decrease insulin resistance, or to slow down how quickly their body absorbs carbohydrate.You may take no medicine, one medicine, or a few medicines. Some people need medicine for short periods of time, while others always need to take medicine. How much medicine you need depends on how well you can keep your

  6. Prediabetes - Medications

    Most people with prediabetes get better results by making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise, than with diabetes medication.5However, a health professional may prescribe a biguanide, usually metformin (Glucophage), because it can reduce insulin resistance-especially in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In some cases a health ...

  7. Prediabetes - Symptoms

    Prediabetes is most often a silent condition with no symptoms. However, certain risk factors, such as obesity or lack of exercise, may put you at a higher risk of developing prediabetes. If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes-which are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes-ask your health professional whether you should be tested. ...

  8. Type 2 Diabetes - What Happens

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become resistant to insulin or when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body's cells get needed energy from sugar. When insulin is not able to do its job, too much sugar builds up in your blood. Over time, this extra ..

  9. Prediabetes - Cause

    Prediabetes occurs when the body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin and therefore cannot keep blood glucose (sugar) levels within a normal range. Blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. The food you eat turns into blood glucose, or sugar. The bloodstream transports glucose to all the cells in your body to be used for energy. Normally, the pancreas ...

  10. Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms

    At first, your blood sugar level may rise so slowly that you may not know that anything is wrong. One - third of all people who have diabetes do not know that they have the disease.1If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, they may include:Feeling thirsty. Having to urinate more than usual.Feeling more hungry than usual.Losing weight without trying to.Feeling very tired.Feeling cranky.Other ...

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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