Diabetes Health Professionals - Topic Overview
Diabetes is a complex,chronic disease that affects many body systems and requires treatment for the rest of your life. Because diabetes affects so many parts of your body,it has the potential to involve many medical specialists. You have a lot to learn about both your disease and how best to manage it. But you do not have to go through this process alone. Health professionals can help you ...
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar - Topic Overview
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) is most often seen in people who have diabetes that isn't well controlled. The symptoms of high blood sugar can be mild, moderate, or severe.Mild high blood sugarIf your blood sugar levels are consistently 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) to 350 mg/dL, you may have mild symptoms of high blood sugar. You may urinate more than usual if you are drinking plenty of liquids. Some people who have diabetes may not notice any symptoms when their blood sugar level is in this range. The main symptoms of high blood sugar are:Increased thirst. Increased urination.Weight loss. Fatigue.Increased appetite. Young children are unable to recognize symptoms of high blood sugar. Parents need to do a home blood sugar test on their child whenever they suspect high blood sugar. Children have mild high blood sugar when their blood sugar levels are between 200 mg/dL and 240 mg/dL.If you don't drink enough liquids to replace the fluids lost from high blood sugar levels, you
Diabetes: Amputation for Foot Problems - Topic Overview
Blood vessel and nerve damage associated with diabetes can lead to serious infections that are extremely difficult to treat. Often the first place you have a problem is your feet. When you lose the ability to feel your toes and feet,you are more likely to injure them without knowing it. Even a minor injury,such as a small cut,can develop into an ulcer and a serious infection. Infections of ...
Diabetes can affect the body's immune system,impairing the ability of white blood cells to come to the site of an infection,stay in the infected area,and kill microorganisms. Because of the buildup of plaque in blood vessels associated with diabetes,areas of infection may receive a poor blood supply,further decreasing the body's ability to fight infections and heal wounds. Common ...
Diabetes: Checking Your Blood Sugar
Because you have diabetes, you need to know when your blood sugar level is outside the target range for your body. Fortunately, you can see what your blood sugar level is anywhere and anytime by using a home blood sugar meter (blood glucose meter). Using the meter, you can find out what your blood sugar level is within a minute or two.Knowing your blood sugar level helps you treat low or high ...
Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Insulin
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs in people with diabetes when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood drops below what the body needs to function normally. Key pointsIf your blood sugar drops below 65 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), you most likely will have symptoms, such as feeling tired, weak, or shaky.If your blood sugar drops very low (usually below 20 mg/dL) and you do not get help, ..
Amylinomimetics for Diabetes
Drug details for Amylinomimetics for diabetes.
Diabetes: Preventing High Blood Sugar Emergencies
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) in diabetes occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood rises above normal. For a person who has diabetes, high blood sugar may be caused by missed diabetes medication (insulin or pills), eating too many calories, skipping exercise, or by illness or stress.Unlike low blood sugar, high blood sugar usually develops slowly over hours or days. Blood sugar ...
Insulin for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Drug details for Insulin for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Urine Test for Ketones - Topic Overview
Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy. Normally, your body gets the energy it needs from glucose (sugar). If your body cannot use glucose for energy—for example, if your body doesn't make or use insulin—ketones are formed. You might also have ketones if you are not eating enough carbohydrates and your body uses fat for energy instead. Your body wants to get rid of ketones through urine. Ketones in urine is most common in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is an early sign that there is not enough insulin, and blood sugar may be dangerously high. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a very serious medical problem.You can test your urine for ketones at home using specially prepared tablets or plastic strips.Collect a urine sample in a clean container.Follow the manufacturer's directions on the bottle of test strips or tablets.If either the test strip or the urine changes color when the tablet is dropped into the sample, ketones are