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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Type 2 Diabetes - Prevention

    Preventing type 2 diabetesYou can take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes. Even small changes can make a difference, and it is never too late to start making healthier choices.Maintain a healthy weight. To find out if you are overweight, you can use the body mass index (BMI) chart for adults or the same chart in metric. If you need to lose weight, losing as few as to can help reduce your risk of ...

  2. Type 2 Diabetes - Exams and Tests

    If your doctor thinks that you may have diabetes, he or she will order a couple of blood glucose tests. Blood glucose tests are blood tests that measure how much sugar is in your blood. Usually, they are done first thing in the morning, before you eat or drink anything. Sometimes, a glucose tolerance test is also done; however, the American Diabetes Association does not recommend this test ...

  3. Prediabetes - Medications

    Most people with prediabetes get better results by making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise, than with diabetes medication.5However, a health professional may prescribe a biguanide, usually metformin (Glucophage), because it can reduce insulin resistance-especially in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. In some cases a health ...

  4. Prediabetes - Symptoms

    Prediabetes is most often a silent condition with no symptoms. However, certain risk factors, such as obesity or lack of exercise, may put you at a higher risk of developing prediabetes. If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes-which are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes-ask your health professional whether you should be tested. ...

  5. Topic Overview

    Abnormal levels of fats (lipids) in the blood are twice as common in people with type 2 diabetes as in people who do not have the disease. Obesity, insulin resistance, and high levels of insulin cause several lipid abnormalities.Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) blood levels can be normal to high.Triglyceride blood levels are usually elevated.High-density lipoprotein (HDL) blood level is usually low.Blood levels of lipoprotein a (Lp a), a type of LDL, are also increased in people who have diabetes. Lp a has been shown to be a risk factor for heart disease in people who do not have diabetes. But its relationship to heart disease in people with diabetes is unknown.The combination of low HDL and high LDL puts people who have diabetes at higher risk for macrovascular disease. These cholesterol abnormalities can improve with good control of blood sugar levels. Regular exercise and weight loss can improve your cholesterol levels. Lack of exercise is linked with higher

  6. Prediabetes - Setting a Goal to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

    WebMD shows how to set goals to prevent prediabetes from becoming type 2 diabetes.

  7. Diabetes Guide - Exams and Tests

    Your health professional will use a medical history, physical examination, and blood glucose testing to determine whether you have prediabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose testing is usually done after fasting overnight for 8 hours. In some cases, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be done. For an OGTT your blood sugar is measured after fasting and then ...

  8. Type 2 Diabetes - What Happens

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become resistant to insulin or when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body's cells get needed energy from sugar. When insulin is not able to do its job, too much sugar builds up in your blood. Over time, this extra ..

  9. Prediabetes - Topic Overview

    What is prediabetes?Prediabetes is also referred to as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. It is a warning sign that you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes have prediabetes first. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body does not make enough of the hormone insulin or does not respond to it properly. Over time, ...

  10. Prediabetes - What Increases Your Risk

    The risk factors for prediabetes are similar to the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes had prediabetes first. Risk factors that you cannot control include: Family history. People who have a parent, brother, or sister with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes have a greater chance of developing these conditions. In the United States, adults who have a parent with ..

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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