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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care - Topic Overview

    Federal laws protect children with diabetes from discrimination in schools and child care settings. Schools and child care centers must provide reasonable help for the special needs of children with diabetes while disrupting the usual routine as little as possible. In addition,children should be allowed to participate in all school activities. 1 If your child has diabetes,work with your ...

  2. Diabetes in Children: Preparing a Care Plan for School

    To help your child with diabetes have an easier time with school,you need to know the issues your child could face and then plan how to help your child succeed. Remember that your child's experience with diabetes is not the same as another child's experience. A diabetes care plan will help teachers and school staff understand what your child needs to successfully manage diabetes at school. ...

  3. Home Blood Glucose Test

    A home blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood at the time of testing. The test can be done at home or anywhere, using a small portable machine called a blood glucose meter.

  4. Diabetes: Preventing High Blood Sugar Emergencies

    High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) in diabetes occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood rises above normal. For a person who has diabetes, high blood sugar may be caused by missed diabetes medication (insulin or pills), eating too many calories, skipping exercise, or by illness or stress.Unlike low blood sugar, high blood sugar usually develops slowly over hours or days. Blood sugar ...

  5. Topic Overview

    Blood sugar levels between 200 mg/dL to 240 mg/dL Follow these steps if your child's blood sugar is 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) to 240 mg/dL. If your child has missed a usual dose of medicine for type 2 diabetes or insulin,give him or her the missed dose. If the doctor has prescribed a dose of fast-acting insulin based on your child's blood sugar level (sliding scale),give the ...

  6. Sick-Day Guidelines for People With Diabetes - Topic Overview

    What happens when you are sickWhen you are sick, your body reacts by releasing hormones to fight infection. However, these hormones raise blood sugar levels and at the same time make it more difficult for insulin to lower blood sugar. When you have diabetes, even a minor illness can lead to dangerously high blood sugar. This may cause life - threatening complications, such as diabetic ketoacidosis

  7. Topic Overview

    Ketones are substances that are made when the body breaks down fat for energy. Normally, your body gets the energy it needs from glucose (sugar). If your body cannot use glucose for energy—for example, if your body doesn't make or use insulin—ketones are formed. You might also have ketones if you are not eating enough carbohydrates and your body uses fat for energy instead. Your body wants to get rid of ketones through urine. Ketones in urine is most common in people who have type 1 diabetes. It is an early sign that there is not enough insulin, and blood sugar may be dangerously high. This can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, a very serious medical problem.You can test your urine for ketones at home using specially prepared tablets or plastic strips.Collect a urine sample in a clean container.Follow the manufacturer's directions on the bottle of test strips or tablets.If either the test strip or the urine changes color when the tablet is dropped into the sample, ketones are

  8. Diabetic Neuropathy - Treatment Overview

    There is currently no cure for diabetic neuropathy. Once it has developed, treatment focuses on preventing the condition from worsening by consistently keeping your blood sugar levels tightly controlled within a narrow target range.

  9. Diabetic Neuropathy - Health Tools

    Use these diabetic neuropathy health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.

  10. Diabetes in Children: Giving Insulin Shots to a Child

    Insulin is available only in an injectable form that is given into the fatty tissue just under the skin. Most people use insulin in an injection, or shot. While it can also be given through an insulin pump or jet injector, this information does not pertain to these devices. Get information from your child's doctor about how to use these properly. You will need to give your child's insulin until ..

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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