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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Retinopathy - What Happens

    Diabetic retinopathy begins as a mild disease. During the early stage of the disease, the small blood vessels in the retina become weaker and develop small bulges called microaneurysms. These microaneurysms are the earliest signs of retinopathy.

  2. Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy

    Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and notice floaters in your field of vision. Floaters often appear as dark specks, globs, strings, or dots. A sudden shower of floaters may be a sign of a retinal detachment, which is a serious complicatic

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Topic Overview

    What is diabetic retinopathy? Many people with diabetes develop a problem with their eyes called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in the retina.

  5. Diabetic Retinopathy - Cause

    Learn about diabetic retinopathy and why it occurs.

  6. Diabetic Retinopathy - Treatment Overview

    There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. However, laser treatment (photocoagulation) is usually very effective at preventing vision loss if it is done before the retina has been severely damaged.

  7. Diabetic Retinopathy - Prevention

    There are steps you can take to reduce your chance of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy and its complications: Control your blood sugar levels. Long - term studies show that keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible reduces the risk of

  8. Topic Overview

    Over time,high blood sugar levels from diabetes lead to damage of the retina,the layer on the back of the eye that captures images and sends them as nerve signals to the brain. Whether diabetic retinopathy develops depends in part on how high blood sugar levels have been and how long they have been above a target range. Other things that may increase your risk for diabetic retinopathy include ...

  9. Reading Food Labels When You Have Diabetes - Introduction

    WebMD explains how those with diabetes should read food labels to determine if a food is healthy or not.

  10. Diabetes: Using a Plate Format to Plan Meals

    A plate format is a simple way to plan a balanced diet. It helps people with diabetes see how much space each food should take on a plate. Anyone can use the plate format to maintain a healthful diet and to decrease the chances of having heart disease and other conditions.Key pointsUsing a plate format will help you spread carbohydrate throughout the day, which will help keep your blood sugar ...

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If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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